Hair Transplant: Is Follicular Unit Transplantation A Permanent Solution?

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z

Hair transplant is also known as follicular unit transplantation. It is a surgical method which abolishes the hair follicles from one part of the body and transplant it to the required part. Today we are going to discuss hair transplant and how it will be successful for your body.


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What is Hair Transplant?


Hair transplantation is an operative technique which removes the hair follicles from one part of the body, it is called the donor site, to a bald or balding part of the body known as the recipient site. The method is particularly used to treat male pattern baldness.


What are the Types of Hair Transplant?


There are two types of hair transplant:


1. Slit grafts


It contains 4 to 10 hair per graft.


2. Micrografts


It contains 1 to 2 hair per graft, depending on the amount of coverage needed.


What are the Benefits of Hair Transplant?


A hair transplant can improve personality and self-confidence. Such candidates for a hair transplant include men with male pattern baldness. women with thin hair or someone who has lost some hair from a burn or scalp injury.


Hair replacement isn’t good for:


  • People who don’t have enough donor hair sites from which to remove hair for transplant


  • Women with an extensive pattern of hair loss throughout the scalp


  • People who form thick, fibrous scars after injury or surgery


  • People whose hair loss is due to medication like chemotherapy


What are the Complications of Hair Transplant?


There are a few complications of hair transplant:



  • Infection


  • Swelling of the scalp


  • Bruising around the eyes


  • A crust which forms on the areas of the scalp from where hair was removed or implanted


  • Numbness or lack of sensation on the treated areas of the scalp


  • Itching


  • Inflammation or infection of the hair follicles, which is known as folliculitis


  • Shock loss, or sudden but typically temporary loss of the transplanted hair


  • Unnatural-looking tufts of hair


Note: According to recent news, a man died after 50 hours of the transplantation surgery. He was a business person in Mumbai and was of 43 years of age. Swelling on his face and throat and difficulty in breathing was faced by him. Therefore, it is recommended to consult a professional doctor and take care of every aspect before and after the surgery.


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What is the Perfect Age for Hair Transplant?


Perfect age for a hair transplant is between 21 to 65 years, the lifetime when a person has enough donor hairs on the scalp. The early you do a hair transplant, the better will be the results.


What Happens During the Treatment?


After full clean-up of your scalp, a surgeon uses a small needle to numb an area of your head with local anesthesia.


There are two main techniques used:


1. Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)


The surgeon will use a blade to cut out a strip of scalp skin from the back of the head. The incision is typically several inches long. This is then closed with stitches.


The surgeon next separates the removed portion of the scalp into small sections using a magnifying lens and sharp surgical knife. These sections will help to achieve natural-looking hair growth.


2. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)


In this treatment, the hair follicles are cut out directly from the back of the head through hundreds to thousands of tiny punch incisions.


The surgeon makes small holes with a blade or needle in the area of your scalp for receiving the hair follicles. The surgeon will gently place hair in these holes to complete the procedure of hair transplantation.


After the treatment, your scalp will be covered with bandages for a few days. A hair transplant session can take 3- 4 hours or more. The stitches will be removed about 8 -10 days after transplant surgery.


This treatment requires up to 3 or 4 sessions to achieve the full head of hair you desire. Sessions occur several months apart to allow each transplant to fully heal.


What Happens After the Treatment?


Your scalp will be painful, and you  need to take medications following hair transplant surgery, like:


  • Pain medication


  • Antibiotics to reduce your risk of infection


  • Anti-inflammatory medications to keep swelling down


  • Most people can return to work several days after surgery


It is normal for the transplanted hair to fall out 2 to 3 weeks after the procedure. This makes way for new hair growth. Most of the people will see some amount of new hair growth 8 to 12 months after surgery.



In the above article, we have talked about hair transplant, its benefits, types, complications, and treatment. The best way to treat this is an operative technique which is done by the surgeon with proper methods. Always keep in mind to take proper medications and take proper rest as well. Consultation with the doctor is necessary for the betterment after the transplantation.


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