Nowadays, Diabetes is one of the biggest burdens in India. A big number of people are dealing with Type 2 diabetes. As the number of diabetics is increasing in India the country will become a diabetes epidemic. The early signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes are not clearly visible. So, we have to be very careful if we have a family history of diabetes.
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According to the latest data from the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR’s) youth diabetes registry shows that one in every four (25.3%) people under 25 with diabetes in India has adult-onset type-2 diabetes, which, by definition, should strike only older adults with a family history of diabetes, obesity, unhealthy diets and inactivity.
It is estimated that 61.3 million people aged 20-79 years live with diabetes in India (2011 estimates). This number is expected to increase to 101.2 million by 2030. And, 77.2 million people in India are said to have pre-diabetes. Here we are going to discuss symptoms of type 2 diabetes in detail which can help you diagnose and control your condition easily.
Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
More thirst. Feeling excessive thirst is one of the most common signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes. When sugar content builds up in your blood, your kidneys work overtime to get rid of it. This pulls fluids from your tissues and makes you dehydrated, so you feel thirsty.
More hunger: Because diabetes can stop glucose from getting to your cells, you feel hungry, even after you’ve eaten.
Peeing often: You’ll pee more because your kidneys are working to get rid of extra sugar in your system.
Dry mouth: Dehydration and peeing a lot can drain moisture from your mouth as well.
Weight loss without trying: When you lose sugar from peeing a lot, you lose calories, too. You might lose weight even though you’re eating as usual.
Fatigue: When your body can’t use energy from food, you could feel weak and tired. Dehydration can make you feel this way, too.
Blurry vision: High blood sugar can make you have trouble focusing.
Headaches: High blood sugar levels can cause your head to hurt.
Loss of consciousness: After you exercise, skip a meal, or take too much medication, your blood sugar could go too low, and you could pass out.
Infections or sores that don’t heal: High blood sugar can slow blood flow and make it harder for your body to heal.
Tingling hands and feet: It is one of the most common signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes and can affect nerves in your hands and feet.
Red, swollen, tender gums: You might be more likely to get infections in your gums and the bones that hold your teeth in place. Your gums may get infected or pull away from your teeth. Your teeth might become loose.
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Signs and Symptoms Type 2 diabetes in children and teens
Signs and symptoms of Type 2 diabetes is more likely to appear after the age of 45 years, but it can affect children and teens who:
- Have excess weight
- Have high blood pressure
- Do not do much physical activity
- Have a family history of type 2 diabetes
- Have an African American, Asian American, Hispanic American, or American Indian background.
The following symptoms may occur:
- Weight loss, despite increased appetite and hunger
- Extreme thirst and dry mouth
- Frequent urination and urinary tract infections
- Blurred vision
- Slow healing of cuts or wounds
- Numbness or tingling in hands and feet
- Itchy skin
If you feel any of the above symptoms then don’t ignore and contact your doctor and test your blood glucose level as soon as possible.
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