Nowadays most of the people are dealing with hair fall issue. Because it is very common to have, but the serious part is never taking this thing lightly because it can be harmful or dangerous to your health as time goes. Have you ever notice any patches on the scalp? If yes, then it can be Alopecia Areata or other condition. If you want to know more about this then read the entire blog. We have shared its symptoms, related conditions, treatment and its simple precautions which you can easily adapt.
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What is Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia areata is a condition which causes hair to fall out in small patches, that can be sometimes unnoticeable. These patches may connect and then become noticeable. This condition develops when the immune system attacks the hair follicles, resulting in hair loss.
Sudden hair loss may start on the scalp and in some cases, it starts from the eyebrows, eyelashes, and face, as well as other parts of the body. It usually grows slowly and recurs after years between instances.
The condition is called alopecia Universalis, and it can prevent hair from growing back. When hair does grow back, it’s possible for the hair to fall out again. The extent of hair loss and regrowth varies from person to person.
What are the Symptoms of Alopecia Areata?
There are a few symptoms of Alopecia Areata such as:
- Gradual thinning on top of the head. A very common type of hair loss, affecting both men and women as they get old.
- Circular or patchy bald spots
- Sudden loosening of hair
- Full-body hair loss
- Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp
Some Major symptoms
There are some major symptoms such as:
Patchy hair loss: The problem often begins with 1 or more coin-sized, round, smooth, bare patches where hair once was. You may notice the problem when you see clumps of hair on your pillow or in the shower. Hair loss occurs mostly on the scalp. As it can involve eyebrows, eyelashes, beards any hair-bearing site. Patches vary in size. Consult an experienced & professional dermatologist.
Exclamation mark hairs: Often, a few short hairs occur in or at the edges of the bare spots. These hairs get tapering at the bottom, like an exclamation mark.
Extensive hair loss: With time, some patients go bald. Some lose all their body hair, too. This is not common. Also uncommon is a band of hair loss at the back of the scalp.
Nail problems: It can also affect the fingernails and toenails. Nails can have tiny pinpoint dents (pitting). They also have white small spots or lines, be rough, lose their shine, or become thin and split. Rarely nails change shape or fall off.
What are the Related Conditions of Alopecia Areata?
Alopecia areata frequently begins in association with other autoimmune disorders such as vitiligo, lichen planus, morphea, lichen sclerosis et atrophicus, pemphigus foliaceous, atopic dermatitis, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, hypothyroidism, endemic goiter, Addison’s disease, pernicious anemia, lupus erythematosus, diabetes. If you face any of these conditions then consult a doctor immediately before it gets worse.
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What are the Precautions a Person Should Take In Alopecia Areata?
There are some precautions a person should take if he/she is dealing with Alopecia Areata:
- Wear sunscreen if exposed to the sun.
- Wear wraparound glasses to protect the eyes from the sun and debris which the eyebrows and eyelashes would normally defend against.
- Use headwear such as hats, wigs, and scarves to protect the head from the sun or keep it warm.
- Apply ointment inside the nose to keep membranes moist and to protect against organisms which are normally trapped by nostril hair.
Treatment of Alopecia Areata
The treatment is based on some medications and injections which your dermatologist provides or prescribes you according to your condition and type of alopecia areata. Consult a good dermatologist to treat or improve your condition.
What are the Home Remedies for Alopecia Areata?
There are some home remedies which you can easily do:
- Rubbing onion or garlic juice
- Use cooled green tea
- Apply almond oil, rosemary oil
- Apply honey and coconut milk into the scalp.
- Acupressure and aromatherapy are also good for alopecia areata.
I hope this entire blog would help you. If you ever start facing or notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms then consult a dermatologist as soon as possible.
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