Nowadays back pain is very common. Usually, this problem is only for older people only, but now the youth is also suffering from this problem. The main reason for this is not to sit on the chair for several hours, to work badly, to have a poor lifestyle and to do excessive physical labor. Well, this is not a big problem, but after ignoring it, we may have to face a lot of problems later.
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When there is a problem of this pain, then only the part of the waist is not disturbed, but the entire body, as well as our whole work, becomes disturbed. The problem of back pain can be to anyone. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the early symptoms and treat the doctor immediately.
Define Back Pain?
It is the most common reasons people go to the doctor or miss work, and it is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Most people have it at least once.
Thankfully, you can take measures to prevent or relieve most of these pain episodes. If prevention fails, simple home treatment and proper body mechanics often will heal your back within a few weeks and keep it functional. Surgery is rarely needed to treat it.
Approx 70% of people in India is facing with low back pain, despite a thorough medical examination, no specific cause of the pain can be identified.
What Causes Back Pain in Females?
It is a common cause for visits to the doctor. Low back pain can also be the result of certain diseases, such as cancer of the spinal cord, a ruptured or herniated disc, sciatica, arthritis, kidney infections, or infections of the spine.
What are the Risk Factors of Back Pain?
There are some risk factors such as:
Age: Back pain is quite common as you get older, it usually starting around age 30 or 40.
Lack of Physical Activity: Weak, unused muscles in the back and abdomen might lead to back pain.
Obese: Excess of body weight puts extra stress on the back.
Diseases: Some types of arthritis and cancer can contribute to this pain.
Improper lifting: Using the back instead of the legs can lead to pain.
Psychological conditions: People who prone to depression and anxiety appear to have a greater risk of back pain.
Smoking: This reduces blood flow to the lower spine, which can keep the body from delivering enough nutrients to the discs in the back.
How to Prevent Back Pain?
Here are some preventions of back pain such as:
Regular physical activities that don’t strain or jolt the back can increase the strength and endurance in the back and allow your muscles to function better. Walking and swimming are good choices. Consult your doctor about which activities you might try.
2. Build muscle strength and flexibility
Abdominal and back muscle exercises, which strengthen the core, help condition these muscles so that they work together like a natural corset for your back. Flexibility in the hips and upper legs aligns the pelvic bones to improve how the back feels. Your doctor or physical therapist can tell you which exercises are right for you. Maintain a healthy weight because being overweight strains the back muscles.
3. Quit smoking
Smoking is also the reason for muscle weakness it weakens your body slowly but steadily. So before you quit consult to the doctor about ways to quit.
Avoid movements that twist or strain your back. Use your body properly:
1. Stand Smart
Don’t hunch always maintain a neutral pelvic position. If you must stand for a long period of time, place one foot on a low footstool to take some of the load off the lower back. Good posture can reduce the stress on back muscles.
2. Sit Smart
Choose a seat with good lower back support, armrests and a swivel base. You can place a pillow or rolled towel in the small of the back can maintain its normal curve. Keep your knees and hips level. Change the position frequently, at least every half-hour.
3. Lift smart
Avoid heavy lifting, if possible, but if you must lift something heavy, let the legs do the work. Keep the back straight no twisting and bend only at the knees. Hold the load close to your body. Take help if the object is heavy or awkward.
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How to Diagnose of Back Pain?
There are 3 ways of diagnosing of this pain:
X-Ray: In this procedure, the images show the alignment of the bones and whether you have arthritis or broken bones. These images alone won’t show problems with the spinal cord, muscles, nerves or disks.
MRI or CT Scans: These scans generate images which reveal herniated disks or problems with bones, muscles, tissue, tendons, nerves, ligaments and blood vessels.
Blood Tests: These can help to determine whether you have an infection or other condition which might be causing your pain.
Bone scan. In a few cases, the doctor might use a bone scan to look for bone tumors or compression fractures caused by osteoporosis.
Back Pain Treatment at Home
Use an ice pack and an over-the-counter pain reliever. After the inflammation calms down, a heating pad or pack can help to soothe muscles and connective tissue. If you have chronic back pain, sleep on a medium-firm mattress.
Here, we have mentioned about back pain and its symptoms, causes, risk, prevention and remedies. The effective way to cure your pain is to maintain a good posture and try to do exercise at least 20-30 minutes daily. This will help to decrease the pain.
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