Anthrax Vaccine – Everything You Should Know About Anthrax Vaccine

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

There is a vaccine called anthrax vaccine which helps in protecting anthrax, but it is not typically available to general public.


The Anthrax Vaccine is mainly provided to people who are at high risk of being exposed to anthrax, such as military personnel, some people who handle animals or animal products like veterinarians, and laboratory workers.


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What is Anthrax Vaccine?

The anthrax vaccine works against the human and livestock disease anthrax which is caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.


The vaccine does not contain any type of bacteria, either killed or live.


The vaccine is recommended for adults 18 through 65 years of age who are at higher risk of exposure to the bacteria, such as;

  • Laboratory workers who work with the B. anthracis.
  • People who handle infected animals.
  • Some military personnel.


These people who are a higher risk should get 3 doses of the vaccine including the first dose when possible exposure is identified.


After the 6 months, the vaccine dose recipient is considered to be protected from the bacteria and is allowed to work in areas with high risk of exposure to anthrax.


The vaccine is also recommended for unvaccinated people who have been exposed to anthrax. These people mainly get 3 doses of vaccine together with the recommended value of antimicrobial drugs.


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Who Cannot Get Anthrax Vaccine?

People with the following symptoms and diseases are those who do not prefer for the vaccine including;

  • Have any severe or life-threatening allergies.
  • Those women who are pregnant, or think they might be pregnant.
  • Those who are not feeling well.
  • If a person receives the vaccine because the person has been exposed to anthrax and is not feeling well, then he should seek medical care immediately.




What Are the Possible Side Effects of Anthrax Vaccine?

Most of the people who get the vaccine do not have any severe problems with it. With any drug or medicine, including vaccines, there is a chance of its side effects. These side effects are usually mild and are removed by their own within a few days, but serious reactions to the vaccine are also possible including;

Mild problems with the anthrax vaccine are;

  • Reactions where the shot was given
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Soreness or tenderness
  • Itching
  • A lump or bruise
  • Muscle aches
  • Feeling tired
  • A headache





Anthrax vaccine may be or may not be harmful to an unborn baby and should not be given to any woman who is pregnant. However, not vaccinating the mother could be further harmful to the baby if the mother becomes infected with a disease that this vaccine could prevent.


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