Typhoid and Paratyphoid Enteric Fever is a fever which weakens the body slowly and steadily. This bacterial fever is communicable and it can be high fever, extreme headache, and constipation. If you and your loved one feel any of these major symptoms then consult a doctor as possible.
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What is Typhoid And Paratyphoid Enteric Fever?
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever are generally spread when feces or urine from an infected person contaminates something which is transferred to another person’s mouth. Contaminated water and food are the most common sources of infection.
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever are diseases of the intestinal tract caused by the Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi bacteria.
What are the Symptoms of Typhoid and Paratyphoid Enteric Fever?
The symptoms of typhoid fever may be mild or severe and it may include prolonged fever, severe headache, malaise, constipation or diarrhea, rose-colored spots on the trunk and an enlarged spleen. Most people usually recover fully over several weeks, although it can be fatal if untreated. Relapses are common and occur in up to 20% of cases.
The symptoms of paratyphoid fever are similar but tend to be milder. As the time from contact with the bacteria to the start of symptoms is usually 8–14 days for typhoid and 1–10 days for paratyphoid fever.
How to Control this Fever?
In typhoid or paratyphoid fever you should stay away from work or school until you have completed treatment and you may not symptoms for 48 hours. If you handle food as part of your work, or if you care for patients or children or older people, it is important that you stay away from work for at least 48 hours and until you have had two negative feces tests.
People with typhoid or paratyphoid fever should not prepare food for others and should refrain from using swimming pools until they have completed treatment, and have had no symptoms for 48 hours.
If you have had close contact with someone who has typhoid or paratyphoid fever, you may also need feces testing and to stay away from work, school or child care while awaiting the results.
Good hygiene is the single most effective way of reducing the spread of the disease, particularly effective hand washing. Hand washing is especially important after using the toilet and before preparing or handling food.
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What are the Preventions you Should Follow in Typhoid and Paratyphoid Enteric Fever?
Because the bacteria are passed in the feces and urine of infected people, good hygiene is the most effective way of preventing the spread of the disease. Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water, rubbing together for at least 20 seconds and dry thoroughly. It is very important to wash your hands after going to the toilet, touching soiled linen and before preparing or eating food.
Overseas travelers visiting high-risk areas should avoid potentially contaminated water and food. Additional advice includes:
- Drink only bottled water (even when brushing teeth)
- Ask for drinks without ice and avoid ice blocks or popsicles that may have been made with contaminated water
- Eat the food that has been thoroughly cooked and that is still hot and steaming
- Avoid raw vegetables and fruit that you cannot peel yourself
- Avoid food and drinks from street vendors
Typhoid vaccination is suggested for all travelers two years of age and older going to endemic regions where food hygiene may be suboptimal and drinking water may not be adequately treated. Vaccination should be completed at least two weeks prior to travel.
What is the Effective Treatment for Typhoid and Paratyphoid Enteric Fever?
The treatment is based on antibiotics is generally used for the treatment of typhoid and paratyphoid fever. Firstly the doctor will examine your condition after that he/ she will start the treatment.
In the end, it’s highly recommended that if you feel any of the above symptoms, then please don’t ignore it can be typhoid and paratyphoid enteric fever.
About Laaxmi Lifeline Hospital: The above-mentioned blog was written by the specialist doctor of Laaxmi Lifeline Hospital. This hospital has specialized doctors in all departments. You can book an online appointment to fix a schedule with the concerned doctor to avoid the hassle of waiting in a queue.
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