Things You Should Know More About Sciatica

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z

The sciatic nerve is the largest nerve in our body and the term sciatica refers to joint pain, lower back pain, and hip pain. Nowadays this disease is very common not only for old age citizens but adults as well. This disease is felt from the lower back to behind the thigh and it radiates below the knee or back pain. Its treatment usually consists of non- surgical treatment.


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What is Sciatica Disease?


It is nerve pain which occurs due to irritation, itchiness, weakness, and numbness of the sciatic nerve. The pain which might feel like a bad leg cramp, that makes standing or sitting nearly impossible, is typically felt from the lower back to behind the thigh and radiates down below the knee phases .weakness, numbness, tenderness or a burning or tingling sensation down your leg, or even in your toes. you may also experience an ability to bend your knee or move your leg. it creates lower back pain as well. It gives the pressure on sciatica nerve causes radiating pain.


What are the Causes of Sciatica?


1. Slipped Disc-


This is the most common cause of the disease that causes pressure on a nerve root and pain through the lower back.



2. Piriformis Syndrome-


It occurs when the small piriformis muscle, which lies deep in the buttocks, becomes tight and spasms, thus putting pressure on and develops the irritation.



3.Spinal Stenosis-


That results from narrowing of the spinal canal which puts pressure on the nerves and spinal cord and start the pain.



4. Spondylolisthesis-


That occurs when one vertebra slips, so that it is out of line with the one above it, narrowing the opening through which the sciatic nerve.


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What are the Symptoms of Sciatica Disease?



There are few symptoms of sciatica :



  • lower back pain


  • Joint pain


  • Hip pain


  • Ankle pain


  • Fingers pain


  • Burning or tingling in the leg


  • Weakness, numbness, irritation, itchiness or difficulty in moving the leg or foot


  • Constant pain on one side


  • Shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up/ sitting/ walking




How to Treat Sciatica Disease?



Physical therapy is recommended for sciatica disease. Back exercises/ stretching massage and acupressure would help to cure your disease. If there is no improvement you can ask the doctor about alternative therapies and treatments since many people get relief by visiting physical therapists, osteopaths, and chiropractors. Therapy is the best way to cure sciatica disease.




As we discussed sciatica disease like types, treatments, symptoms. The best way to protect yourself from this a disease is physical exercises/ physical therapy treatment. Most of the people get relief from therapies. This disease is most common in old age citizens. you can consult the doctor like orthopedic, pain management, physiotherapist. with the help of therapy, this disease can cure easily and effectively.


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