Gallbladder removal Surgery is the most commonly performed surgical procedure. It is usually performed with minimally invasive techniques which are medically known as Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal.
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Laparoscopic gallbladder removal surgery is a minimally invasive procedure in which small specialized and incisions tools are used to remove an inflamed or diseased gallbladder.
What Is The Gallbladder?
The gallbladder is a pear-shaped organ that rests below the right side of the liver.
The main purpose of the gallbladder is to collect and concentrate a digestive liquid (bile) which is produced by the liver. It is released from the gallbladder after eating, to aid digestion. Bile move across the narrow tubular channels (bile ducts) into the small intestine.
Removal of the gallbladder is not linked with any impairment of digestion in most people.
Why is a Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal Surgery Performed?
The main reason for having a gallbladder removed surgery is the presence of gallstones and the complications they cause.
The presence of stones in the gallbladder is called cholelithiasis. Gallstones form inside the gallbladder from substances in the bile which become solid. They can be as small as a grain and as large as a golf ball.
You can also need this surgery if you have the following:
- Biliary dyskinesia, it occurs when the gallbladder doesn’t empty bile correctly due to some defect.
- Choledocholithiasis occurs when gallstones move to the common bile duct and potentially cause a blockage that prevents the gallbladder and rest of the biliary tree from draining.
- Cholecystitis, which is an inflammation of the gallbladder.
- Pancreatitis is a swelling of the pancreas that is related to gallstones.
- Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery is preferred to open surgery because your surgeon makes smaller incisions. Smaller incisions reduce your risk of infection, bleeding, and recovery time.
What Preparation Is Required For Gallbladder Removal Surgery?
The following includes typical things that occur before laparoscopic surgery:
Preoperative preparation includes medical evaluation, blood work, and an EKG depending on your age or the medical condition.
It is recommended to take a bath a night before or morning of the operation. You can also use antibiotic soap.
After midnight the night before the operation, you are not allowed to eat or drink anything.
Preparation for the Morning of Surgery:
- Drugs such as blood thinners, arthritis medications, and Vitamin E need to be stopped for some time prior to surgery.
- Quit smoking and arrange help at home.
- Don’t shave the abdomen area before surgery.
How is Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal Performed?
General anesthesia is used to perform, that’s why the patient is asleep throughout the procedure.
- The cannula is a narrow tube-like instrument, the surgeon enters this into the abdomen in the area of the belly-button.
- A laparoscope (a tiny telescope) connected to a special camera is inserted through the cannula, giving the surgeon a magnified view of the patient’s internal organs on a television screen.
- Other cannulas are inserted which is used to separate delicately the gallbladder from its attachments and then remove it from one of the openings.
- An X-ray which is known as cholangiogram used to be performed while the operation to identify stones which are lodged in the bile channels or to verify the anatomy of structures.
- After the surgeon removes the gallbladder, the small incisions are closed with surgical tape or glue or with absorbable stitches.
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What are the Risks of a Laparoscopic Gallbladder Removal Surgery?
Gallbladder removal surgery is considered safe. The complication rate is only between 5 and 6 percent.
Just like Every surgical procedure, it also carries some major complication risks, but in this kind of surgery, it is typically rare. Your doctor will perform your complete physical examination and review the complete medical history before the procedure. It will help you to minimize the risks.
The Risks of Gallbladder Removal Surgery Include:
- Allergic or adverse reaction to anesthesia
- Blood clots
- Damage to blood vessels
- Heart problems, such as a rapid heart rate
- Injury to the liver, bile duct, or small intestine
The Gallbladder removal surgery is performed if you have a stone, infection or other defects on your gallbladder. It is a completely safe and the risk to this surgery is minimal. A device cannula is used to do this surgery. Just a day is needed to spend in hospital after this surgery and come back to the normal life after 4-5 days.
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