Know The Common Signs and Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z



Magnesium deficiency, Which is also known as hypomagnesemia, is a generally overlooked health issue. Well in an initial period this deficiency may be underdiagnosed because the obvious signs commonly don’t appear until the deficiency levels become severely low. The causes of magnesium deficiency level can vary. In, this article we are going to discuss magnesium deficiency along with its causes and symptoms.

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Why do we need Magnesium?



We need magnesium to make the nerve and muscle function. It is an important electrolyte and mineral which plays an important role in many body processes, including:



  • Bone and teeth structure



  • Muscle function


  • Nerve function


  • DNA replication





What does Magnesium Deficiency Mean?



According to a survey, the majority of people were not getting enough magnesium in their diet worldwide.



Actually, our body can retain a big amount of magnesium, so there is less possibility for a person to have deficiency symptoms.



Some factors can increase the risk of developing magnesium deficiency symptoms. These include:



  • Continually consuming a low-magnesium diet


  • Gastrointestinal disorders like Crohn’s disease


  • Losing large amounts of magnesium through sweat and urine



  • Being hospitalized


  • Parathyroid disorders


  • Hyperaldosteronism




Magnesium deficiency for the long term may affect your health badly:



  • Bone density



  • Nerve and muscle function


  • Digestive system



What are the Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency?



Some common signs of magnesium deficiency include:



  • Nausea


  • Vomiting


  • Loss of appetite


  • Fatigue


  • Weakness



If the deficiency left untreated people may experience the following signs:



  • Hypocalcemia (lower calcium levels in the blood)


  • Hypokalemia (lower potassium levels)


  • Numbness and tingling


  • Cramps and muscle contractions


  • Seizures


  • Personality changes


  • Abnormal heart rhythms


  • Coronary spasms


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Magnesium deficiency for a long time of period can affect the health badly and increase the risk of chronic diseases, including:




  • High blood pressure


  • Type 2 diabetes


  • Osteoporosis



What are The Causes of a Magnesium Deficiency?


Here is the list of some common causes of magnesium deficiency:


  • Alcoholism. Consumption of excess alcohol can lead to a disproportion of electrolytes or nutrients, and it can be a cause of the excess release of magnesium than usual.



  • Breastfeeding and pregnancy. It increases the need for magnesium.



  • Diarrhea. Chronic diarrhea can lead to a disproportion of electrolytes. which can lead to magnesium deficiency.



  • Age. As you get older, it becomes for you to absorb magnesium.



  • Diabetes. Excess sugar in the kidneys can release more magnesium. People who are having type 2 diabetes may develop magnesium deficiencies.



  • Organ failure. Especially the kidney failure, may cause the body to excrete too much magnesium.




Foods That contain Magnesium:


There are some foods which contain a large amount of magnesium like green vegetables, fruit, whole grains, cereals, and legumes.



Some food items are high in magnesium, include:



  • Nuts, especially almonds, cashews, peanuts



  • Spinach


  • Black beans


  • Edamame


  • Peanut butter


  • Whole wheat bread


  • Avocado


  • Potato


  • Rice


  • Yogurt


  • Oatmeal


  • Kidney beans


  • Banana and apples


  • Milk


  • Raisins


  • Chicken breast


  • Beef


  • Broccoli and carrot



Tips for Improving Magnesium Absorption:



If you are dealing with magnesium deficiency and want to increase magnesium levels by improving absorption then you have to try:



  • Avoiding or reducing the intake of calcium-rich foods before and after two hours eating magnesium-rich foods


  • By avoiding zinc supplements



  • Eating raw vegetables instead of cooking them


  • Quitting smoking






In this blog, we have discussed magnesium deficiency, our body contains magnesium naturally. But, If you are dealing with magnesium deficiency it means your body is consuming magnesium in an excessive way due to some health issue. If you have any health related problem then consult your doctor as soon as possible.


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