Know More About Possible Side Effects of Anti-Cancer Medicines

Vaibhav Saxena

, Health A2Z

Ever wondered about the ruinous nature of cancer disease? Yes, it is horrifying to think about. Cancer is fatal and perdurable disease whereas the treatment through some medicines. But there are also possible side effects of anti-cancer medicines as well as there impacts too, read below to learn more.




What is Cancer?

Cancer also termed as malignancy, is elaborated as abnormal growth of cells. In simpler words, cancer acquired body encounters massive growth of cells which is invasive and spreads to other parts of the body as well. This condition causes benign tumor in a particular part of the body which is limited.


Categorically, there are more than 100 types of cancer, including breast cancer, skin cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, and lymphoma with signs and symptoms like a lump, abnormal bleeding, weight loss, cough and change in bowel movements.


Treatment involves the reduction of the abnormal growth and eliminating the risks of the tumor. Anti-cancer medicines are an effective yet cautious way of treatment.




What are Anti-Cancer Medicines?

Anti-cancer medicines also called antineoplastic drugs, these are used in an effective manner to reduce the risk of malignant and cancerous diseases.


It is not necessary that anti-cancer drugs only eliminate the risk of malignancy, they are also used to reduce the symptoms and sign of cancer like sickness and pain.


The antineoplastic drugs are classified as alkylating agents, antimetabolites, natural products, and hormones but the major purpose they serve is to control the abnormal growth of cancer cells which is the essential part of treatment the malignancy of the disease.


The use of the particular class of the drugs depends on the area or organ where cancer has booted its roots.


It is considered that alkylating agents are the earliest invented antineoplastic drug that was used primarily to treat lymphoma.


The mechanism of these drugs is to eliminate every rapidly growing cell in the body so many other parts of the body are also damaged as well alongside with cancerous cells which are the main behind the harmful side effects caused by these drugs.




What are the Possible Side Effects of Anti-Cancer Medicines?

The action of the antineoplastic drugs is rapid and powerful which helps in curing cancer. It eliminates the cancer cells as well as normal cells due to its nature of killing rapidly growing cells in the body. This killing of normal cells causes troublesome side effects, which are underlying.

  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Hair loss
  • Skin changes or reactions
  • Unusual tiredness or weakness
  • Loss of taste
  • Seizures
  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Agitation
  • A headache
  • Dark urine
  • Yellow eyes or skin
  • Flushing of the face
  • Joint pain
  • Skin rash
  • Hearing problems or ringing in the ears
  • Numbness or tingling in the fingers or toes
  • Black or bloody stools


The side effects of anti-cancer medicines vary from person to person as it can harm one person in a different way and other in different whereas the medicines differ according to the class of cancer which also vary the side effects. The side-effects can be controlled easily but perhaps they are long-lasting or even permanent.




What are the Conditions that Trigger the Side Effects of Anti-Cancer Medicines?

There are some possible conditions that can trigger or boost the impact of the side effects to a more severe level. Before consuming any of the antineoplastic drugs one must inquire and check any traces of the underlying diseases or conditions.

  • Head injury
  • Nerve or muscle disease
  • Any infection
  • Gout
  • Intestine blockage
  • Kidney or liver diseases
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Immune system disease
  • Cataracts or other eye problems
  • High cholesterol problem





Cancer is a typically complexed disease which can be fatal to death so immediate treatment must be taken. Also, consuming medicines or drugs is a necessity but there are several side effects of anti-cancer medicines that must be known by the patient or relatives to stay cautious and safe.

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