Uterine Fibroids: Know Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z



Women are prone to suffer from many complications related to their reproductive system. The slightest of body changes result in hormonal disbalance which gives rise to further complication in the female body. Uterine fibroids are the complexities faced by the uterus which is not detectable for a very long period of time.


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Uterine Fibroids


It can be defined as noncancerous growth in the uterus that often appears during the childbearing years of the female. It might also be known as leiomyomas or myomas, uterine fibroids are nowhere related to an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.



What are Fibroids?


Fibroids have many sizes ranging from seedlings, which is undetectable by the human eye, a big mass that can distort and enlarge the uterus. A female can have a single fibroid or multiple ones. In the case of multiple fibroids, the uterus expands so much that it reaches the rib cage and can add to an increased amount of weight.


A number of women have fibroids in their lifetime. They can though have no knowledge about the condition as they do not have to go through any symptom to detect. This is diagnosed during a routine checkup.



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Causes of Uterine Fibroids:


a) Genetic changes:


Genetic changes in the cell might lead to the development of the fibroids in the uterus. It happens when some cells go under a different genetic structure transformation.



b) Hormones:


The two main female hormones Estrogen and Progesterone are responsible for the uterine wall formation. Excess of these hormones leads to the formation of Fibroids which contain a lot of these hormones.


c) Other Growth Factors:


There are some substances that help the body maintain tissues, such as insulin-like growth factor, may affect fibroid growth.


There is a variation seen in the growth of these fibroids, sometimes they may grow slowly or rapidly, or they may remain the same size for how long they stay inside the body. Some fibroids go through the higher frequency of growth, while some may shrink on their own.


It has been seen that many fibroids present during pregnancy shrink or disappear after pregnancy, as the uterus goes back to normal size.



Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids:


Heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle :


When there is heavy painful bleeding during periods there is a chance of fibroids being formed in the uterus lining.


Menstrual periods lasting more than a week:


The usual days vary from 4-5 and should not exceed more than that, in case it does, it might be because of the development of Fibroids.


Pelvic pressure or pain:


Pelvic is the region near your hips, regular pain in the pelvis might be the cause of a fibroid formation. It is advisable that a doctor is referred to.


Difficulty emptying the bladder or Frequent urination:


The bladder problem in females or frequent urination can be because of the fibroid. The extra growth results in trouble and hampers the excretion system.



It might lead to other problems that can force females to visit a doctor. If you face prolonged back and pelvic pain, it is time you get yourself checked. Heavy and painful bleeding during periods and periods for more than the normal duration might be an indication that you have developed fibroids and need to get proper consultation from a doctor. For any further clarification, you can read and ask us more about the condition.


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