Know More About Back Pain Physiotherapy by Dr. Ashish Sharma

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z




Do you also felt any back pain? Then the best option is for back pain is physiotherapy. With the help of therapy, your pain will go away easily and effectively. There are some different sort of therapies and pains so before doing this you have to consult a doctor he/ she will examine your condition and suggests you that which therapy is suitable for you. Being your wellwisher it’s my duty to give you some detailed knowledge about back pain physiotherapy and what are the possible ways to manage this.


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Define Back Pain Physiotherapy:


Back pain physiotherapy is a type of treatment which helps to improve the movement and function of the joints and muscles. If you have back pain, physiotherapy is the best treatment to reduce the pain and get you back to normal mobility. It can also help you to make changes that minimize the chances of hurting the back again. Physiotherapists use a wide range of treatments and techniques to help with back pain, as well as offering advice on looking after your back.



Why Would We Need Physiotherapy for Back Pain?


If you have back pain that’s causing you significant problems or doesn’t seem to be improving after a few weeks if could be worth seeing a physiotherapist. Physiotherapy can be useful for various types of back pain. It may help with the following.


Non-specific lower back pain: This is back pain where no specific cause (such as an underlying medical condition or injury) has been identified.


Sciatic pain: This is pain that spreads from your back down your legs; it may be caused by a prolapsed disc. A prolapsed disc is when a disc in your spine bulges out of its normal shape and presses on a nerve.


Spinal stenosis: This is when the space around your spinal cord narrows, putting pressure on your spinal cord.


How Can Physiotherapy Help?


If your back pain has lasted more than a few weeks, an exercise program with a physiotherapist can provide relief and get you moving again. Manual therapies such as manipulation and mobilization have been shown to be helpful too. The pain relief and improvement in functionality you get with physiotherapy can last long enough for you to start getting back to your normal activities.


Keeping active is the best thing for back pain. It can get you back to work faster, you’re less likely to have long-term problems, and you’re less likely to get back pain again.


It’s hard to get good evidence about how well specific exercises work for back pain. It’s not thought that one type of exercise is any better than another. Your physiotherapist will assess what they think will work best for you and your particular problem.


Your physiotherapist may assess how your back pain is affecting you using a questionnaire to make sure you receive the most appropriate treatment. There’s some evidence that people who have been assessed in this way, may get the most benefit from physiotherapy.


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Types of Therapies:


1. Active therapy


Active therapies are exercises and movements that you do yourself. They’re the most important part of any treatment. Generally, keeping active in any way is the best thing for back pain. Exercises can help to improve flexibility, mobility, and strength in your lower back. A physiotherapist can advise you on exactly what exercises are right for you, and how to perform.



Aerobic exercise


This is an exercise that gets you moving and increases your heart rate. It is the most important part of any treatment program. Aerobic exercise can help with any stiffness you may have and will keep you mobile. It will also help to manage your weight and can give your wellbeing a boost too. Your physiotherapist is likely to recommend low-impact aerobic exercises to start with; these include walking, swimming, and using exercise bikes and step machines. They’ll encourage you to do more as you feel able to. You’ll usually be advised to do some aerobic exercise for 20 to 30 minutes, up to 5 times a week. But you may need to start with shorter periods of activity.


Stretching exercises


These aim to improve flexibility in your spine and reduce any tension in the muscles supporting your spine. You’re likely to be asked to do these every day. A typical stretching exercise is to lie on your back and pull your knees in towards you to gently stretch your back. Or, you may be asked to stand and bend forward to stretch your hamstring muscles in the backs of your legs. This can reduce stress in your lower back.


Strengthening exercises


Exercises that aim to strengthen your core muscles can sometimes be a part of exercise programs for back pain. Your core muscles are your abdominal muscles around your stomach, the muscles in your back, and those around your pelvis. These exercises can be helpful in the short term. However, there’s growing evidence that core exercises don’t seem to be any more beneficial than general exercise in the long term. So this type of exercise may not be something that your physiotherapist focuses on. Being active in general is more important.


2. Manual therapies


Mobilization: In mobilization, your physiotherapist will use slow, gentle movements to stretch your spine. It aims to return your back to its normal range of motion.


Manipulation:. In manipulation, your physiotherapist will make a quicker thrusting action with their hands at a particular point of your spine. You might hear a ‘pop’ sound when they do this.




In the above blog, we have given you such information about back pain physiotherapy and its types, how therapy can help and why we need this. If you feel any discomfort in your back then consult a doctor as soon as possible.



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