Dehydration occurs when you use or lose more fluids than you take in, as well as your body, does not have enough water and other fluids to perform its normal functions. If you do not replace lost fluids, you become dehydrated. Another reason is dehydration due to diarrheal diseases.
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Everyone can get dehydrated, but the condition is especially dangerous for young children and the elderly people.
Severe diarrhea and vomiting are the most common cause of dehydration in young children. Of course, older people have less water in their body and can suffer from illness or take medication that increases the risk of dehydration.
This means that even minor diseases such as pulmonary or bladder infections can cause dehydration in the elderly people.
Dehydration can also occur in all age groups if you do not drink enough water in hot weather, especially if you exercise a lot.
In general, you can reverse mild to moderate dehydration by drinking more fluid, but severe dehydration requires immediate medical attention.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Dehydration?
If you’re sick with vomiting or diarrhea, watch carefully for these signs of dehydration:
- Less frequent urination than normal
- Dark yellow colored urine
- Muscle cramps
- Less sweat than normal
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Symptoms of Dehydration in Children:
- Dry mouth and tongue
- No tears when crying
- Sunken cheeks or eyes
- Fever or vomiting
- Sunken fontanel
How to Prevent Dehydration Due to Diarrheal Diseases?
By the time these symptoms show up, dehydration can be at the high-level. At the first sign of diarrhea or vomiting, you should start replacing the water and lost salts you need to get the electrolyte name.
Water is only the answer to your all the problems as well as to rehydrate the body. But you still need some essential salts.
If you have diarrhea or vomiting, most experts recommend rehydration solutions, special liquids that give salt and water to your body. You can also drink juice containing potassium and sodium broth; they do not replace rehydration solutions but may help prevent mild dehydration.
Your doctor may also prescribe medicine for nausea if you have severe nausea and vomiting.
Visit your doctor if diarrhea or vomiting persists for more than 2 days. Also visit the doctor, if fever or pain in the abdomen or rectum occurs, stools appear black or tarry, or if signs of dehydration occur.
There are steps you can take to prevent dehydration in the first place. It is important to drink plenty of fluids each day, even if you are not sick. In hot climates or playing sports, you should drink more water to stay hydrated.
Those who suffer from fever, vomiting or diarrhea should take plenty of fluids and not wait for signs of dehydration to appear.
If you are also facing dehydration due to diarrheal diseases, then the best option for this is to take plenty of water and fluids to make your body hydrated. If the symptoms of dehydration due to diarrheal diseases become more severe than you should visit your doctor.
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