Kidney transplant or renal transplantation, performed when the kidney disease is in the last stage. Patients should take special care of themselves after having a kidney transplant. Along with your living, food should also be taken special care of. You may get a new life after a kidney transplant, but one thing that should not be forgotten is dietary precautions. Yes, if you think that you can eat all kinds of things after a kidney transplant, then this is not true. Let’s explore what diet for kidney patient requires.
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Even after surgery, you should follow discipline regarding your food and drink. Actually, it may take up to 3-6 months for your body to recover completely after surgery. That is why kidney transplant patients should follow certain rules regarding their diet.
5 Best Diet For Kidney Transplant patient
Here is 5 best diet for kidney transplant patient include:
1. Have Fresh Fruits and Green Vegetables
Having fresh fruits and green vegetables are the most perfect and healthiest snack food which are high in fibre, vitamins and minerals and mainly low in fat. One more thing this also helps in recovery after transplant.
2. Select Low in Sugar Items
Having too much sugar can cause weight gain and increase triglyceride and blood sugar levels. Which is not good for your health when you just have done the organ transplant.
3. Have More Fibre
A high fibre diet is good for our overall health. Fibre can also help to lower the cholesterol levels and help to maintain a healthy weight. It is found in grains, cereals, oats, pulses (beans, peas, lentils), fruit and vegetables.
4. Include Calcium and Vitamin D
Adequate calcium and vitamin D are most essential for healthy bones. Always keep in mind to have 3 to 4 portions of high calcium foods each day. It’s just not about the after transplant diet, but you can also have as a normal routine diet. The kidney transplant patient should strictly add some calcium and vitamin D in their diet.
5. Control of Alcohol Consumption
Alcohol is high in calories and sugar. Excessive alcohol can lead to weight gain and increased triglyceride levels. On a strict note, the alcohol is specifically not allowed to the kidney transplant patient.
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8 Things to Remember For Kidney Patient After Transplant:
1. Maintain a Healthy Weight
Weight gain after kidney transplant is very common. Many people have a better appetite after a transplant due to an improved sense of well-being and the steroid medication taken. Maintaining a healthy body weight according to the (BMI) range of 18.5-22.9kg/m2 can lower the risks of having such problems like – hypertension, heart problem, diabetes mellitus, and stroke.
2. Keep your blood pressure controlled
Most kidney recipients still need to limit salt intake, although it is different for each person. Controlling blood pressure is very important both before and after transplantation. The doctor will decide how much sodium is best for kidney recipients.
3. Maintain food sanitation
Kidney recipients should follow the food safety precaution, for example, minimize or reduce raw food consumption like salad, raw fish, and so on. Kidney recipients can consult a dietitian to learn more about food safety.
4. Don’t eat raw or under-cooked foods
With your weakened immune system, eating raw or under-cooked foods specifically undercooked meat or undercooked eggs at any time after a transplant puts you at risk for severe intestinal illness.
5. Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice
Anyone taking drugs that suppress the immune system should avoid these fruits because they can cause a strong reaction.
6. Have lots of protein
Eat a well-balanced diet with a few special dietary considerations. Protein is especially important to help build muscle and recover lost weight. Your doctor or a dietitian can help you figure out how much protein you need. It is possible to overdo it, however. “In order to avoid excess protein consumption, we do not typically advise you to take protein supplements.
7. Maintain liquid diet control
Dyslipidemia is common among kidney recipients. Elevated levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-cholesterol), and triglycerides increase the risk of heart problems. There are many ways to keep blood cholesterol controlled for a healthy heart.
8. Prevention of Anemia
Anemia is always common among end-stage kidney patients. Anemia can also occur among kidney recipients. Diet lack of iron, folate, and/or vitamin B12 may contribute to anemia among kidney recipients. Prevention and management of anemia are important in maintaining good health and reduce the risk of death.
How Much Water Should a Kidney Transplant Patient Drink?
One of the keys to a successful recovery is staying well-hydrated. Drink plenty of water typically 2 litres (about 68 ounces) per day. It’s also a good idea to limit caffeine. It’s a weak diuretic and contributes to dehydration.
What Precautions Should Be Taken After a Kidney Transplant?
Avoid strenuous lifting for at least 6-8 weeks after your transplant. Some exercise, like walking, bike riding, and swimming, is recommended. Consult your transplant team before starting an exercise routine. Sexual activity can be resumed after checking with your transplant team.
How long does it take to Recover from a Kidney Transplant?
Most kidney transplant recipients can return to work and other normal activities within eight weeks after transplant. No lifting objects weighing more than 10 pounds or exercise other than walking until the wound has healed (usually about six weeks after surgery).
So, here we have discussed some effective foods that help you to recover easily and effectively. You can try these, it can help you to improve the overall performance of the treatment. Else, if you feel any sort of pain or discomfort then call your doctor and consult with him or her regarding your condition.
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