Hand Hygiene- A First Good Step to Healthy Habits

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

Hand hygiene or hand washing plays a significant role in preventing the spreading of diseases.


Washing your hands regularly with water and soap can protect you from many diseases caused by bacteria and viruses.


Hand hygiene is mainly defined as the process of removing germs from your hand because hands are the main source of spreading diseases.


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When a person touches other person, animals, or any surfaces he/she might get chances of getting germs through hands. If not removed, these germs may get into eyes, nose, or mouth and cause diseases.


The health organizations strongly encourage everyone to develop good hand hygiene habits.


Germs hide behind door handles, faucet handles, keyboards, and any surface people touch. Since we can never be sure what germs are on our hands, washing hands thoroughly and regularly with water and soap is a very important safeguard against several infectious diseases.




Following are Some Healthy Hand Hygiene Habits:

Wash your hands thoroughly with disinfectant running water and soap, a simple splash underwater is not effective in destroying germs.


Really scrub the soap to make sure that you are getting all of the necessary germ protection which is required for optimal health.


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Wash your hands for approximately 30 to 40 seconds to get rid of the harmful germs that cause infection.


Remember to wash your hands properly with soap whenever the hands are dirty and especially before handling food, in the shower/bath, and after using the bathroom/changing nappies.


Hand washing with soap is one of the most efficient ways of preventing diarrhoeal disease. It can reduce the incidence of diarrhea by up to 40 to 45%.


Hands are the most common way of spreading germs if we notice in ancient time the people used to bow each other rather than shaking hands as we do in our Western world today, not realizing that they were actually helping to increase the spread of germs as a result.


Time periods are also effective ways in which we are most susceptible to the spread germs such as seasonal changes, back-to-school and occasions/festivals when groups of people gather. With this in mind, you should make sure to have a healthy hand hygiene habits to keep you protected throughout the year from germs.




How to Wash Hand Properly:

The following procedure will remove maximum percent of the germs that get on your hands during the daily activities:

  • Wet your hands with clean water.
  • Apply soap or any other liquid soap.
  • Rub your hands together firmly and scrub all surfaces.
  • Scrub for at least 20 to 30 seconds.
  • Rinse with clean water.
  • Than dry hands briskly.





Hand hygiene is very important for all of us, whether we are a small kid or an adult one. So, by following these steps we can easily maintain our hand hygiene.


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