Lower and Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Know All About It

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

Gastrointestinal Bleeding is a condition that occurs if the bleeding from the mouth and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract and there is blood coming out from the nose, it might be a sign of perforation of the stomach, esophagus and/or small bowel. Let’s explore more about its symptoms, causes and its treatment.


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What is Gastrointestinal Bleeding?


It occur when blood is produced or collected in the digestive tract from the inside or the outside of the gastrointestinal tract. Your colon, the tube that carries waste through your digestive system, is the most commonplace for this. The lining of the colon can be cut or torn, which causes bleeding into the gut. This type of bleeding is what a doctor will diagnose when they diagnose acute hemorrhoids.


Though rare, gastrointestinal bleeding can occur in several other places in your digestive tract, like the duodenum (the entrance to the small intestine) or the pancreas. One less commonplace for the condition to occur is in the brain, which is more likely if you have stomach cancer.


What Are the Causes of Gastrointestinal Bleeding?


  • Hemorrhagic gastroenteritis


  • Medical conditions


  • Other causes of GI bleeding


  • Factors that can lower the risk of GI bleeding


  • Maintaining a healthy weight and regularly exercising


  • Not eating fatty foods or drinks


  • Inheriting a family history of gastric and intestinal bleeding.


What Are the Symptoms of Gastrointestinal Bleeding?


The blood is usually coming from the mouth and nose. The bleeding is usually bright red, pink, or even yellow. It can be a little bloody, but not too much bleeding is normal.


Symptoms of bleeding in the stomach and intestine include:


  • Nausea


  • Vomiting


  • Diarrhea


  • A tinge of blood in the stool


  • Abdominal cramps



  • Severe stomach pain


  • Infection in the stomach and intestine


Symptoms of bleeding in the small bowel include:


  • Constipation


  • Diarrhea


  • Blood in the stool


  • Diarrhea that won’t stop


  • Severe stomach pain


  • Rectal bleeding


How is a diagnosis made for Gastrointestinal Bleeding?


There’s not any common treatment to treat for abnormal mucus in the stool. To treat this problem the doctor needs to know and treat the cause of this problem, which can occur due to various causes related to inflammation in your colon.


Usually, the doctors start with a physical exam along with some blood test. The results of the given will give your doctor an understanding of your basic physical health. If some more add on information is needed by your doctor, he may ask for some more test such as. These may include:


  • Blood test


  • Stool culture


  • Urinalysis


  • Colonoscopy


  • Endoscopy


  • An imaging test, such as a pelvic MRI scan, an X-ray, or a CT scan


  • Sweat electrolytes test


For some people, a diagnosis may be reached quickly. For others, finding the underlying cause may take several rounds of testing and examination.


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What is the Treatment for Gastrointestinal Bleeding?


Treatment for Gastrointestinal Bleeding is completely depended on the location as well as the causes of your bleeding.


Possible treatment during a diagnostic procedure


During the procedures such as a lower GI endoscopy, an upper GI endoscopy, a colonoscopy, a flexible sigmoidoscopy, or a laparotomy, a doctor can stop the bleeding. This process can be done to stop the bleeding by inserting tools through colonoscopy, an endoscope, or sigmoidoscope to


  • Inject medicines to the place where bleeding occurs


  • Provide treatment to the bleeding place with a heat probe, an electric current, or a laser


  • Close affected blood vessels with a band or clip




When ulcers or infections cause bleeding in your Gastrointestinal tract, then your doctor may prescribe some medicines to treat the problem.




If a person is dealing with acute bleeding or bleeding that does not stop, then the surgeon may perform a laparoscopy or a laparotomy to stop the bleeding.




Here we have discussed Gastrointestinal Bleeding along with symptoms, causes treatment and diagnosis. If you found any of the symptoms then you should consult to doctor as soon as possible for immediate treatment.


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