Myasthenia Gravis: Symptoms and Causes

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z


Our immune system can easily be affected by a lot of combinations of diseases and infections. Myasthenia gravis one of the chronic autoimmune neuromuscular diseases can very easily weaken the skeletal muscles, which are vital for breathing and moving parts of the body, including the limbs. The name myasthenia gravis is of Latin and Greek in origin which actually means something grave and serious. In the following blog, you will know the symptoms, the causes and what can be the required diagnosis. Get informed about people who can easily get affected by this condition.


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Causes of Myasthenia Gravis:



Myasthenia gravis is an immune disorder and results in fatigue and muscle strength loss, there can be very specific reasons for the causes:





It is said that when there is any chance of threat to body the body reacts with antibodies, this might be a problem! It might happen that the good tissues are attacked in the process and can lead to Myasthenia gravis. It can be one of the main causes of the condition. The neurotransmitter stimulator like the acetylcholine is harmed. According to researchers from foreign centers say that some viral and bacterial presence might attack the stimulator.



Thymus gland:


According to some researchers, the thymus gland is responsible to produce some of these antibodies that attack the neurotransmitter which then causes the condition of Myasthenia and is one of the major causes. It happens mostly with people with the disease typically have clusters of immune cells in their thymus gland similar to lymphoid hyperplasia. In case you have any doubts, does not wait and contact your doctor to understand more about the working of anti-bodies in your body.



Other Major Causes:


In some cases, it is not about the particular antibodies stopping the neurostimulator but it is more about these antibodies attacking other proteins and this causes the muscles to feel tired and fatigue comes in.



Symptoms of Myasthenia Gravis:


What makes you doubt for you to have the condition? It is the specific muscle group that can give you an indication.



Eye Muscles:


The droopy and tired eyes are proof that things are not right with the body. You soon to feel that are also problems with the vision and sometimes one can go through what researchers and observers call diplopia, which means double vision.



Throat Muscles:


You feel difficulties in swallowing food. You also seem to be off with speaking abilities. You tend to stammer as there are difficulties in speaking. In 15% of the cases according to experts, the first symptoms are the throat muscles.



Face Muscles:


When do you know things are not right? When you know that there is something wrong with your smile. Yes, the condition can make your smile look like a snarl and other dismantle face expression because of face muscles not working properly. Difficulty in chewing is also felt. At the worst, face paralysis kicks in.


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Other Symptoms:


Always lookout for the common symptoms that you might very easily ignore, shortness of breath, impaired speech (dysarthria) and weakness in the arms, hands, fingers, legs, and neck.



How to diagnose?



• Here are some ways you can diagnose those conditions:



• Keep checking the swiftness of your reflexes



• See if the muscles feel weak



• Always pay attention to the level of muscle toning has taken place.



• Test for sensation in different areas of your body, to be sure.


• Motor function of your body should be given special consideration, like touching your finger to your nose.



Who is Easily Prone to Myasthenia Gravis?


Myasthenia gravis affects both men and women and does not discriminate in terms of the age or place they are from. It most commonly affects the young men and women with an age bracket from 40-50, but it can occur at any age, including childhood. Not a contagious disease it can easily be inherited from a parent in case of infants. Occasionally, the disease may occur in more than one member of the same family.



Myasthenia gravis and its treatment include the simplest ways like changing your lifestyle from a tiring and exhaustive one to one with better diets and good exercise. It includes surgeries like that of removal of the thymus gland if necessary. Medication is also an alternative. We, therefore, recommend you to take consultation from your doctor and also find great help from medical experts on our website.


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