Pain during Periods – Normal Pain and Abnormal Pain

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

The Medical term for period pain is known as dysmenorrhoea. It derives from an ancient Greek expression which literally means ‘difficult monthly flow’. Here, we are going to discuss pain during periods, what is normal and what is abnormal?


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Facts about Pain During Period:


If you are dealing with the pain during the period then don’t worry you are not alone. Approximately 80% of women experience this at some stage in their lifetime. You can suffer from pain during the period from the early teens to the menopause. Some women experience discomfort during the period, especially on the first day.


Around 5% to 10% of women experience severe pain which can disrupt their life. If your mother suffered from pain during period, you are supposed to suffer too. In 40% of women, menstrual pain is accompanied by premenstrual symptoms, like bloating, a swollen stomach, tender breasts, lack of concentration, clumsiness, mood swings, and tiredness.


What are the Types of Pain During Periods?


The period of pain (dysmenorrhoea) can be categorized into two types :



Primary Dysmenorrhoea



This type of pain usually occurs in teenager and young women, at the beginning of menstrual life. The cramping is caused by the womb contracting to shed its lining. There cause of the pain is decreased supply of blood to the womb. This pain is mainly affected the lower part of the abdomen but can move into the back and down the front of the thighs. Some women experience nauseated at the same time. It is a natural condition and for women, it is simply a mild monthly discomfort. This pain can be eased with the contraceptive pill as well as some relaxation methods.



Secondary Dysmenorrhoea:



Secondary dysmenorrhoea may not start from your mid-twenties or later. It is unlikely to cease after childbirth. The period’s pain is not restricted to the time of the period’s bleeding and can happen throughout the cycle. The bleeding can become heavier and prolonged, and intercourse can also be painful. Secondary dysmenorrhoea can be a sign of some conditions, which includes pelvic infections, and may need urgent attention. If you start to feel period pain as an adult you should not feel shy to consult a GP.



How do You Get Rid of Period Cramps Fast?


Here we are giving some simple steps to get rid of the period pain:



  • Relax in a hot bath with essential oils.


  • Cuddle a hot water bottle.


  • Stomach and back massage is effective for some women.


  • Wear loose-fitting clothing in two days prior to and during your period.


  • Gentle exercise such as yoga may help. A regular relaxation program before the period is due and on the first


  • few days helps to relax the muscles and improves blood supply to the pelvic area.


  • For instant relief, you can take a painkiller specifically designed for period symptoms.


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Lifestyle Changes


Period pain symptoms can be eased by modifying lifestyle. So try the following:



  • Smoking can increase the incidence of period pain by reducing the supply of oxygen to the pelvic area.



  • Eat plenty of salads, high fiber foods, and vegetables.


  • Vitamin E supplements have been shown to help.


  • If you eat red meat it should be lean. Eat more chicken and fish.


  • Cut down on sugary items chocolate, cakes, and biscuits.


  • Reduce the amount of salt in your diet.


  • Try to consume pure fruit juices or mineral water rather than sugary drinks.


  • If pain persists visit your gynecologist for a check-up.



What Causes Pain During Periods?


During your period the uterus contracts to help expel its lining. Pain during periods can be caused by:



Endometriosis. The tissue which lines to the uterus becomes implanted outside your uterus, usually on your fallopian tubes, ovaries or the tissue lining your pelvis.



Uterine Fibroids. It is a noncancerous growth in the wall of the uterus can cause pain.



Adenomyosis. The tissue that lines your uterus starts to grow into the muscular walls of the uterus.



Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. It is an infection of the female reproductive organs and is usually caused by sexually transmitted bacteria.


Cervical Stenosis: In some women, the opening of the cervix is small enough to impede menstrual flow, causing a painful increase of pressure within the uterus.





It is difficult to bear any pain inside the body and when it comes to pain during periods it is horrible. Every woman has to face it in her lifespan. But, if it is intolerable and if you experience anything which is not natural or common, then consult your gynecologist as soon as possible.


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