Prostatitis- Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Vaibhav Saxena

, Health A2Z

Every year over 2 million males are diagnosed from this acute to chronic disease alone in the US. The study shows that 12% to 16% of average male encounters prostatitis at least once in their lifetime.




What is Prostate Gland and Prostatitis?

The prostate is a walnut-sized and shaped gland situated at the bottom of the bladder and in front of the rectum in the male reproductive system.


This particular gland is responsible for producing a fluid called semen, which is essential for reproduction for males.


Prostatitis, also named prostate enlargement, is a painful condition which develops commonly in mid-aged as well as old aged males due to the inflammation of the above-mentioned prostate gland.


In prostatitis, swollen prostate gland blocks the flow of urine from bladder which causes infection and pain.


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What are Symptoms of Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is a disease in which symptoms tend to be clearly visible to the victim. Symptoms may vary according to the different types of this uncanny disease. Scroll below to learn:

1. Acute bacterial prostatitis:

This is the most rarer kind among all four. In this case, urinary tract falls prey to bacterial infection which shows high fever, chills, peeing trouble and other flu-like symptoms.


2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis:

This shows an asymptomatic behavior often, however extremely difficult to be treated. In this case, bacterial infection is mild and perhaps spread through Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). Few symptoms are urgency for peeing, rectum pain, blood in semen, and difficulty in peeing.


3. Chronic prostatitis:

This kind is called chronic pelvic pain syndrome alternatively and has a non-bacterial tendency. It is the most common kind of this disease with symptoms similar to bacterial prostatitis but triggers pain at the tip of the penis, scrotum and lower abdomen.


4. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis:

This kind doesn’t show any symptoms at all and only blood test can lead to detection. This is not painful in nature but causes infertility.




What are the Causes of Prostatitis?

Bacterial prostatitis occurs due to backward flow of fluid through the duct connecting the urinary tract which leads to sucking up of bacterias in the prostate gland. Urinal Tract Infection (UTI) and sexually transmitted diseases like HIV, Gonorrhea, and Neisseria are believed to be major reasons behind it.


Abacterial prostatitis turns out to be mysterious with not many particular causes behind it. Doctors believe that pelvic muscle spasms due to a nervous system disorder and kind of infections that can’t be traced through tests are the major cause behind it.



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What are the Preventions and Diagnosis of Prostatitis?

Right after realizing the very first symptom of the disease, one must act promptly by following a healthy routine like eating more vegetables and fruits, spending more time standing to avoid pressure on glands, exercising regularly and keeping the body hydrated.


The sufferer should consult the doctor immediately and there are tests available according to the condition, mentioned below:

1. Urinalysis:

As the name suggests, this method involves testing of urine for any sign of bacteria, white blood cells or other infection.


2. Digital rectal exam:

This is an invasive form of test where the doctor inserts a finger through the rectum to feel the size and condition of the gland.


3. Blood culture:

A blood sample is taken for examining any trace of bacteria in it.


4. Urodynamic tests:

This test enables clear analysis of the functioning and mechanics of urethra and bladder.


5. Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) test:

This test is conducted in scenarios when signs indicated towards prostate cancer more than just prostatitis.




What Are the Possible Treatments for Prostatitis?

This ailment can be perilous in nature so the patient must act promptly to overthrow it. There is some effective treatment to be followed for healing:

1. Antibiotics:

This is the most popular suggestion of eroding this ailment away. Antibiotics help in killing the bacteria and finishing the infection in the gland.


2. Home remedies:

A warm sitz bath is helpful to find pain relief and a tender massage may help in releasing the fluid filled in gland which will decrease swelling, gradually.





Prostatitis is increasing its victim count day by day so, staying alert and aware of this ailment is a ladder to get a healthy lifestyle. Exercises and healthy eating is the key to immunity so keep it in practice.

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