What is Vaginal Dryness: Its Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

What you usually think, when you first heard about vaginal dryness? It seems like it is a disease, right? No, it’s not a disease but worse condition can develop other diseases.


Usually, the vaginal walls are stay lubricated with a thin layer of clear fluid with the help of estrogen hormone that maintains fluid and keeps the lining of the vagina healthy, elastic, and thick.


if a drop in estrogen levels reduces the amount of moisture available also reduces that can happen at any age from a number of different causes.


Firstly, it may seem like a minor irritation. But moreover, the lack of vaginal moisture can create a huge impact on the person’s sex life. Happily, several treatments are available to relieve the vaginal dryness.




What is Vaginal Dryness?

The vaginal dryness is a common problem experienced by on an average one of three women, especially those who are going through menopause or who experience symptoms related to early menopause.


Basically, the estrogen (female sex hormone)is responsible for maintaining the natural lubricant of the vagina. When the estrogen levels decrease the woman are more likely to experience the vaginal dryness.


Commonly, glands in the cervix which helps in producing a natural lubricant that keeps the vagina moist. This natural lubricant in the vagina helps in maintaining a clean and healthy environment.


A small amount of white discharge through the vagina is a healthy sign – the vagina is naturally well lubricated and keeping itself clean.


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What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Dryness?

Following are some of the symptoms related to dryness including;

  • Itching
  • Irritation
  • Pain with sexual intercourse (dyspareunia)
  • Hot flashes
  • Night Sweats
  • Mood changes,
  • Fatigue
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Acne
  • Memory problems
  • Unwanted hair growth


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What are the Causes of Vaginal Dryness?

The most common symptom of vaginal dryness is menopause. Menopause makes the vagina thinner and less elastic that leads to vaginal atrophy.


The decline in the level of estrogen hormone can be because of the following reasons including;

  • Childbirth and breastfeeding
  • Chemotherapy or radiation treatment for cancer
  • Surgical removal of the ovaries
  • Anti-estrogen medications used for the treatment of uterine fibroids or endometriosis.




What are the Options Available for the Treatment of Vaginal Dryness?

There are several medical treatments is available to alleviate vaginal dryness that involves oral and topical estrogens.


There are also some natural home remedies, lifestyle changes, and dietary supplements that can help in treating the vaginal dryness, as well as some over-the-counter lubricants are also available to alleviate symptoms of the disease.


The vaginal lubrication occurs naturally which also increases with sexual stimulation and arousal, due to the increase in blood flow through the genital area.





As the vaginal dryness is not a problem and can be easily obtained through healthy lifestyle, proper diet, and exercise. There are several vaginal moisturizing agents such as lotions and creams that help in making vagina moisture.

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