Treatments for Menopausal and Perimenopausal Symptoms

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z


Nowadays, women are very protective of their health. Menopause is a normal condition. Women experience this in their life once. The term “menopause” can describe any of the changes a woman goes through either just before or after she stops menstruating, marking the end of her reproductive period. Today, we are going to talk about Treatments for Menopausal and Perimenopausal Symptoms.


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What are the Treatments for Menopausal?


Menopause do not need medical treatment. Alternatively, treatments focus on relieving the signs and symptoms and preventing or managing chronic conditions which may begin with aging. Treatments may include:


1. Hormone Therapy


This therapy is the most effective treatment option for relieving menopausal hot flashes. Depending on the personal and family medical history, the doctor may recommend estrogen in the lowest dose and the shortest time frame needed to provide symptom relief for you. If you still have your uterus, you’ll need progestin in addition to estrogen. Estrogen also helps prevent bone loss.


Long last use of hormone therapy may have some cardiovascular and breast cancer risks, but starting hormones around the time of menopause have shown benefits for some women. You and your doctor will discuss the benefits and risks of hormone therapy and whether it’s a safe choice for you.



2. Vaginal Estrogen


To relieve vaginal dryness, estrogen can be administered directly to the vagina using a vaginal cream, tablet or ring. This treatment releases just a small amount of estrogen, which is absorbed by the vaginal tissues. It can help relieve vaginal dryness, discomfort with intercourse and some urinary symptoms.


3. Low-Dose Antidepressants


Certain antidepressants related to the class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may decrease menopausal hot flashes. A low-dose antidepressant for management of hot flashes may be useful for women who can’t take estrogen for health reasons or for women who need an antidepressant for a mood disorder.



4. Gabapentin (Neurontin, Gralise, others)


Gabapentin is approved to treat seizures, but it has also been shown to help reduce hot flashes. This drug is useful in women who can’t use estrogen therapy and in those who also have nighttime hot flashes.



5. Clonidine (Catapres, Kapvay, others)


Clonidine, a pill or patch typically used to treat high blood pressure, might provide some relief from hot flashes.



6. Medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis


Depending on individual needs, doctors may recommend medication to prevent or treat osteoporosis. Several medications are available that help reduces bone loss and risk of fractures. Your doctor might prescribe vitamin D supplements to help strengthen bones.


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Perimenopausal Symptoms


Women who have perimenopause may feel these symptoms:


  • Hot flashes


  • Breast tenderness



  • Lower sex drive



  • Irregular periods


  • Vaginal dryness; discomfort during sex


  • Urine leakage when coughing or sneezing


  • Urinary urgency (an urgent need to urinate more frequently)


  • Mood swings



Is Perimenopausal Symptoms are Normal or Something to Be Concerned About?


Irregular periods are common and normal during perimenopause. But other conditions can cause changes in menstrual bleeding. If any of the following situations apply to you, see a doctor to rule out other causes:


  • Periods are very heavy, or they have blood clots


  • Periods last several days longer than usual


  • Spotting between periods


  • Spotting after sex


  • Periods happen closer together


Causes of abnormal bleeding include hormone problems, birth control pills, pregnancy, fibroids, blood clotting problems or, rarely, cancer.




In a certain time period, most of the women are dealing with menopause and their symptoms. In the above blog, we have talked about Treatments for Menopausal and Perimenopausal Symptoms. The best and effective way to cure this is to consult a doctor as soon as possible once you started feeling any of the above symptoms.


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