Ulcerative Colitis: Know The Types and Signs

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z

We talk too much about our heart and respiratory system. We take care of our body organs but forget one very important part of our body, our stomach. It is the digestive system, which is mostly ignored. You must have complained about stomach aches but not know the reason. One of them can be ulcerative colitis.


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Ulcerative colitis is the condition of your digestive tract. This is caused by the large intestine. Symptoms usually develop over time, rather than suddenly. Making it more clear, we will be discussing the symptoms and reasons for ulcerative colitis.


What is ulcerative colitis?


Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease. This can cause long-lasting inflammation and ulcers in your digestive tract. Where does it affect? It affects the innermost lining of your large intestine and rectum. Symptoms usually develop over time, rather than suddenly.


Ulcerative colitis can sometimes lead to life-threatening complications. There is not really any cure that we know of. Certain treatments can greatly reduce the signs and symptoms of the disease. It can help them stay fit for a longer period of time.


Why do we have ulcerative colitis?


It usually occurs due to the immune system doing a mistake. The immune system thinks that the good bacteria and the food are actually harming your intestine. They start acting against them and this causes ulcerative colitis.


So, to protect you, the white blood cells start acting on the inner line of your intestine. The inflammation causes your bowel to move its contents rapidly and empty frequently. As cells on the surface of the lining of your bowel die, ulcers form.


Are there types of ulcerative colitis?


There are know 5 types of ulcerative Colitis. They are as mentioned below.


Ulcerative proctitis


In this type, the inflammation is closest to the anus (rectum). The signs are mostly rectal bleeding which is the only sign of the disease. This form of ulcerative colitis tends to be the mildest.




Inflammation involves the rectum and sigmoid colon. Signs and symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, and an inability to move the bowels in spite of the urge to do so.


Left-sided colitis


The inflammation extends from the rectum up through the sigmoid and descending colon. Signs and symptoms include bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramping and pain on the left side, and unintended weight loss.




Pancolitis often affects the entire colon and causes bouts of bloody diarrhea that may be severe, abdominal cramps and pain, fatigue, and significant weight loss.


Acute severe ulcerative colitis


This rare form of colitis affects the entire colon and causes severe pain, profuse diarrhea, bleeding, fever, and inability to eat.


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Signs and Symptoms of Ulcerative colitis


With the idea of knowing that no clear cure is available, you must know the signs that cause ulcerative colitis.


  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in your stool
  • Ongoing diarrhea that doesn’t respond to over-the-counter medications
  • Diarrhea that awakens you from sleep
  • An unexplained fever lasting more than a day or two


When you see the above signs is when you must see your doctor. You need to visit them so that the conditions do not become worse.


What can be the risk factors of ulcerative colitis?


The major risk factor of you getting ulcerative colitis is mostly the food you eat. It also depends if you have a family history of Ulcerative colitis. Any other immune disorder can also cause ulcerative colitis to develop in your body.


With ideas about the symptoms and types of ulcerative colitis, you can very well take prevention. The treatment includes medication, surgery, and a series of consuming probiotics. See your doctor as soon as you think you are suffering. Any further information can be gathered from our website. you can call us or can connect us on WhatsApp at +91 9654030724.


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