Stroke, it is also called a brain attack, is a brain injury caused by a sudden interruption in the blood supply of the brain. It occurs when a part of your brain does not receive the needed blood due to the reasons either the blood supply to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted, or a blood vessel in the brain ruptures and blood invades to the surrounding areas. The signs of the brain stroke occur within seconds and it can be dangerous. To know how to stop a stroke in progress continues reading the blog.
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What Is a Stroke?
Stroke is the 5th leading cause of death all over the world and a leading cause of adult disability. Around 80% of strokes are preventable. How a stroke patient is affected depends on where the stroke occurs in your brain and the portion of the brain is damaged. Like, someone who has a small stroke can experience only minor problems like weakness of an arm or leg. People who have larger strokes may be paralyzed on one side of the body or even lose their ability to speak. Some people recover completely from the strokes, but more than 2/3 of survivors will have some type of disability.
Types of Stroke:
The stroke can be categorized into two types:
In our daily life, blood clotting can be beneficial. When you are bleeding from a wound the blood clots work to slow and gradually stop the bleeding. In the case of stroke, blood clots are dangerous because they can block your arteries and cut off blood flow, This process is called ischemia. An ischemic stroke can also occur in two different ways: embolic and thrombotic strokes.
Brain strokes caused by the breakage of a blood vessel in the brain are called hemorrhagic strokes. The medical term for the same is hemorrhage. Hemorrhages can be caused by a different number of disorders which affect the blood vessels, including long-standing high blood pressure and cerebral aneurysms. An aneurysm is a weak or thin spot on a blood vessel wall. These weak spots are usually present at birth.
What are the Warning Signs of a Stroke?
You should recognize the warning signs of a stroke. You can have some or all of these signs. Note the time when symptoms start and call 9-1-1 your doctor immediately. Stroke is a medical emergency! Don’t ignore the warning signs of a stroke, even if they go away.
Stroke Warning Signs:
1. Numbness or weakness on the arm, legs or the face, especially on one side of the body
2. Confusion, understanding or trouble speaking.
3. Trouble seeing from one or both eyes
4. Trouble dizziness, walking, loss of balance or coordination
5. Severe headache without any known cause
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How to Stop a Stroke in Progress:
Medical Association (JAMA) and have been updated to reflect current medical standards. Talk to a healthcare professional and follow these guidelines.
Know Your blood pressure (Hypertension)
High blood pressure is a major risk factor of stroke if left untreated. You should go for blood pressure checked yearly by a doctor.
Identify Atrial Fibrillation (Afib)
Atrial Fibrillation is an abnormal heartbeat that can increase stroke risk by 500%. It can cause blood to pool in the heart and may form a clot and cause a stroke.
Smoking doubles the risk of stroke. It can damage your blood vessel walls, speeds up artery clogging, raises blood pressure and makes the heart work harder.
Know Cholesterol Levels
Cholesterol is a fatty substance in the blood vessels that are made by the body. It comes in food as well. High cholesterol levels can clog arteries and became a cause a stroke. Consult a doctor if your total cholesterol level is more than 200.
Control of Diabetes
Many people who are dealing with diabetes have health problems that are also a risk factor for stroke. A doctor, as well as dietician, can help manage diabetes.
Treat Circulation Problems
Fatty deposits can block arteries carrying blood to the brain and lead to a stroke. Other problems like sickle cell disease or severe anemia should be treated.
Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)
A TIA is a temporary episode of stroke-like symptoms which can last a few minutes to 24 hours. Usually, it causes no permanent damage or disability. At a glance, TIA and stroke symptoms are the same. Recognizing and treating a TIA can reduce stroke the risk of TIA. Around 40 percent of people who experience a TIA may have a stroke.
A brain stroke can be life-threatening, don’t ignore or avoid the symptoms of the stroke. It is an emergency call to visit your doctor. Try these above mentions techniques to stop the progress of the stroke. Consult your doctor if you experience the early symptoms of the stroke and even if it has gone by their own.
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