Antibiotics During Pregnancy : Is it dangerous?

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z


What is more special than looking at life take a new form as a child? Probably, the mother who spent nine months to make that possible. Yet, while we are excited about taking care of the mother, we forget some really important facts. Pain and cramps are so common during this time. Antibiotics during pregnancy, while some say it does not affect much, let us actually read more about what risk factors does the intake involves.


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We are not here to scare you but tell you the truth that is illuminated. In the case of pregnancy and antibiotics, a lot of research has been put to examine the effects. The study, a collaboration between MCRI and Aarhus University of Denmark, found children between the ages of newborn up to 14 years of age, of women prescribed antibiotics closer to birth or prescribed more than one antibiotic in pregnancy, had an even greater risk of infection.



Similarily other research like the one by the International Journal of Epidemiology said that a chance of women being prescribed antibiotics has led to complications during the period of pregnancy. Those born vaginally had an increased risk of infection than those born by cesarean section when mothers were prescribed antibiotics during pregnancy.



According to those conducting the research believe this is related to the influence of the gut microbiome. This is because a vaginally born baby gets their microbiome from the mother’s gut and birth canal. Whereas babies born by cesarean section acquire a microbiome from the mother’s skin and the hospital environment.



The greatest risk for hospitalized infection was a gastrointestinal infection in children born vaginally to mothers who were prescribed antibiotics in pregnancy. The child’s gut microbiome is particularly important in gastrointestinal infections.



Well, now that we have given you knowledge about what can be dangerous, let us tell you what cannot be harmful: Usually, doctors prescribed antibiotics in pregnancy. The specific medication (antibiotics) must be chosen carefully during pregnancy.


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Some antibiotics during pregnancy are “Fine” while others are not. Safety of antibiotics depends on various factors, such as the type of antibiotic, how much you take antibiotics in pregnancy when in your pregnancy you take the antibiotic, and what are the possible effects it might have on your pregnancy.



Following are some example of Antibiotics during pregnancy considered safe:


  • Penicillins


  • Cephalosporins


  • Erythromycin


  • Clindamycin


How do Antibiotics during Pregnancy affect the mother?

It is well known that due to the overconsumption of anti-biotics there are bound to have repercussions. So here are some very common of those effects on the mother.

  • Infections: The consumption of various anti-biotics helps fight infections. However, the unborn is also vulnerable to be subjected to some level of infections as well. These can cause harmful side effects, ranging from stomach upset to allergic reactions, birth defects, or even death.


  • Loss of good bacterias: While working on our body to get rid of the bad bacterias. Hence, exactly opposites happen when we take too many antibiotics. Instead of protecting us from the various infections, it might ruin our immune system.


  • Less Effective: With time, your body adapts with the changes. In such a case there is no effect on the body. This only harms the immunity of the mother and the unborn.


  • Improper Use: Unlike prescribed drugs and medicines, we do not think before popping up anti-biotics. This is not only improper usage but also would harm the unborn and the mother.


  • Devastating results: The improper, or unnecessary use of antibiotics over the period of time has led to the development of more and more resistant bacteria. This will result in unsuccessful methods to treat them.


With these, you must now know why it is not safe during pregnancy. It can also lead to urinary tract infections and difficult health conditions. The side effects can adversely harm and increase risk. You as a to be mother should see to the type of antibiotics in use. This defines a higher risk or lower risk of damage. For the unborn, the risk of birth defects certainly is high. We would recommend you to go under proper checkup. As family members as well, everyone must indulge in taking care of the baby and the mother.


But certain other antibiotics are believed to pose risks during pregnancy such as tetracyclines can harm as discoloring of a developing baby’s teeth. Tetracyclines antibiotics during pregnancy aren’t recommended for use after the 15th.


If an antibiotic during pregnancy is the safest way to treat your condition, surely, your healthcare provider will prescribe you the safest antibiotic with the safest dosage. After the delivery of your baby, in case of any health concern of your child, consult Dr. Roli Munshi, one of the top pediatrician in Noida. She has an experience of more than 10 years in the field of pediatrics.


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