Aortic Stenosis: Narrowing of the Heart Valve

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z




Are you aware of this Aortic Stenosis? Not exactly, Hi being an author I am going to describe to you all the details information about Aortic Sclerosis. It is also known as aortic sclerosis. As this is one of the most common and most serious valve disease problems and it narrowing the valve opening. It can be noticeable when you are feeling chest pain, dizziness, feeling faint and shortness of breath.

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What is Aortic Stenosis?



Aortic valve stenosis or aortic sclerosis starts when the heart’s aortic valve get narrows. This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which reduces or blocks blood flow from your heart into the main artery to your body (aorta) and onward to the rest of your body.



When the blood flow through the aortic valve is reduced or blocked, your heart needs to work harder to pump blood to your body. Eventually, this extra work limits the amount of blood it can pump, and this can cause symptoms as well as possibly weaken your heart muscle. The treatment depends on the severity of your condition. You may need surgery to repair or replace the valve. Left untreated, aortic valve stenosis can lead to serious heart problems.



What are the Symptoms of Aortic Stenosis?



Aortic valve stenosis ranges from mild to severe. Aortic valve stenosis signs and symptoms generally develop when narrowing of the valve is severe. Some people with aortic valve stenosis may not experience symptoms for many years. Signs and symptoms of aortic valve stenosis may include:



1. Abnormal heart sound (heart murmur) heard through a stethoscope



2. Chest pain (angina) or tightness with activity



3. Feeling faint or dizzy or fainting with activity



4. Shortness of breath, especially when you have been active



5. Fatigue, especially during times of increased activity



6. Heart palpitations sensations of a rapid, fluttering heartbeat



7. Not eating enough (mainly in children with aortic valve stenosis)



8. Not gaining enough weight (mainly in children with aortic valve stenosis)



What is the Main Cause of Aortic Stenosis?



Aortic sclerosis can be caused by congenital bicuspid aortic valve, scarred aortic valve of rheumatic fever, and wearing of the aortic valve in the elderly. It causes chest pain, fainting, and heart failure leading to shortness of breath.


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Is exercise Good for Aortic Stenosis?



Based on the severity of your condition, your doctor may limit your activity, but many patients can exercise and do most activities without restriction. Because aortic sclerosis tends to progress over time, even patients without symptoms will require routine testing to monitor their condition.



Does Diet Affect Aortic Stenosis?


Your doctor may suggest you incorporate several heart-healthy lifestyle changes into your life, including Eating a heart-healthy diet. Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, low-fat or fat-free dairy products, poultry, fish, and whole grains. Avoid saturated and trans fat, and excess salt and sugar.



How to Prevent Aortic Stenosis?



Some possible ways to prevent aortic valve stenosis include:



Taking steps to prevent rheumatic fever. You can do this by making sure you see your doctor when you have a sore throat. Untreated strep throat can develop into rheumatic fever. Fortunately, strep throat can usually be easily treated with antibiotics. Rheumatic fever is more common in children and young adults.



Addressing risk factors for coronary artery disease. These include high blood pressure, obesity and high cholesterol levels. These factors may be linked to aortic valve stenosis, so it’s a good idea to keep your weight, blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control if you have aortic valve stenosis.



Taking care of your teeth and gums. There may be a link between infected gums (gingivitis) and infected heart tissue (endocarditis). Inflammation of heart tissue caused by infection can narrow arteries and aggravate aortic valve stenosis.




In the above blog, we have talked about Aortic Stenosis and its symptoms, causes, how diet can affect and more importantly the prevention. The best and effective way to treat this is to consult a doctor because only the doctor will cure this problem effectively.


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