Diabetes Diagnosis : Know About The Diagnosis Test

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z


A lot of us have sweet tooth and we can just not stop ourselves from munching on that particular candy bar we love. This habit of ours can though put us in great trouble. You might be prone to diabetes and not know about it. Therefore knowledge about the diabetes diagnosis becomes important not only to stop and get yourself a checkup but also the treatment of diabetes and what are the criteria of a diabetes diagnosis.


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Types of Diabetes:


We all are aware that there are two types of diabetes. Type 1 which is the stage where the body becomes incapable of producing insulin or produces extremely low insulin making it a chronic disease. Whereas the other type 2 happen due to a progressive insulin secretory defect on the background of insulin resistance.



Diabetes Diagnosis :


The following tests are usually recommended by the doctors and experts to get done if the individual has any doubt of either suffering or having symptoms of going through diabetes. The main criteria of the diagnosis of diabetes are the fasting plasma glucose which when increasing the level of 126 mg/dL might be a reason for the diagnosis of diabetes. Here are the following tests.


1) Glycated Hemoglobin Test:


This test does not require any kind of fasting and will give you an average of your sugar level in the past three to four months. It measures blood sugar in relation to oxygen presence and hemoglobin.


2) Random Blood Sugar Test:


Randomly your blood sample is taken to test, irrespective of the last rate of test you had. In the test a range of 200mg/dL and higher is an indication that you are suffering from diabetes.


3) Fasting Blood Sugar Test:


This is a fasting test, in which you have to give your blood sample after a time period of fasting and an empty stomach. A fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dL can be called normal. A fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dL is considered prediabetes. If it’s 126 mg/dL or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes.



4) Oral Glucose Tolerance Test:


The oral glucose tolerance test is also given after a fast, however, after a fasting blood sample is collected, another sample is taken with intervals of 2hrs. This is done by advising to take sugary content or syrup.


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Who is Eligible For a Screening of Diabetes Diagnosis?


Even though there is no age prominent enough to get diabetes, a certain vulnerable age group is recommended to get themselves checked at a regular basis:



  • Anyone with a body mass index higher than 25 regardless of age,


  • People older than age 45


  • A woman who has had gestational diabetes


  • Those who have been diagnosed with prediabetes



In this case, if you go through diabetes diagnosis and the result is positive you have to go under the treatment process to keep your diabetes under control. Taking a good diet, following the prescribed practices and making sure that you keep yourself checked up with your concern doctor is a must. Take the symptoms carefully in the account and you can ask for help from us with our health expert team.


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