Diabetes in Children: A Life-Long Chronic Disease of Your Child

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z


Diabetes is a crucial condition and it gets more problematic when it happens in a child. As we all know diabetes is not curable it is controlled through insulin, healthy diet, physical activities and a lot of taking care. Nowadays, diabetes is very common to have there is no particular age required for this. Today we took an initiative and provide you information about diabetes in children and how to manage it.


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Define Diabetes in Children:


Diabetes in children is a long-term condition in which the pancreas produces less or no insulin. Diabetes can also damage the blood vessels, heart, kidneys, and neuro­logical system and can cause a continuous loss of vision over many years.


What are the Forms of Diabetes in Children?


There are mainly 4 forms of diabetes but we can say the two most common forms are called type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can begin at any age, but a child is more likely to be diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.


Type 1 diabetes


Type 1 diabetes is caused by insufficient production of the hormone insulin by the pancreas. In type 1 diabetes the body is unable to produce the proper amount of metabolizing sug­ars, which build up in the bloodstream, these sugars (also called glucose) cannot be used by the body and are excreted in the urine. This leads to the major symptoms of diabetes:


  • Increased urination


  • Feeling thirsty


  • Increased appetite



While type 1 diabetes can happen at any age, but it majorly affects the age of five to six and then again at ages, eleven to thirteen.


However, the other symptoms must be present as well for the diagnosis of diabetes:


  • Thirsty


  • Tiredness


  • Hunger


  • Weight Loss


It is important to identify these symptoms early, since children that are diagnosed late may become ill, because of the high blood sugars and dehydration, requiring intravenous insulin and fluids in a pediatric emergency room or critical care unit to stabilize their condition.


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How to Controlling and Managing Diabetes in a child?


As there is no cure for diabetes, but children with diabetes can lead a nearly normal childhood and adolescence if their condition is kept under control. It is very important to control diabetes properly in order to avoid complications. In this condition, the doctor’s daily examines the blood sugar, insulin therapy, and injections per day or through an insulin pump, and close regulation of a healthy diet.


Managing blood sugar within a normal range can reduce the risk of high BP and other long term health conditions related to poor diabetes control. A healthy diet is also very important in this condition, and do at least 20-30 minutes of exercise a day can help your child to man­age their disease as well.


Can Diabetes Start Suddenly?


Diabetes usually has a sudden onset and begins when the immune system, which is the body’s defense against infection, is triggered to destroy insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes.


Is Diabetes is Contagious?


No diabetes isn’t contagious, so kids and teens can’t catch it from another person or pass it along to friends or family members.


Here, we have discussed Diabetes in Child and how to manage it. The best option is considered is the ‘Doctor’ when your child starts experiencing any of the above symptoms then you have to take your child to the doctor’s clinic as earlier as you can.


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