Eyes Problem During Diabetes: What You Need to Know

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z

Does diabetes affect eyes? Yes, diabetes brutely affects the eyes. Loss of vision is 10-20 times more common in people who have diabetes, so be sure to take precautions to reduce the risk of developing eye problems. Today we are giving you some knowledge about eyes problem during diabetes and how can we protect yourself from this.


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What are the Types of Eyes Problem During Diabetes?




Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye problems which can affect people who have diabetes. Conditions like- diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, cataracts, and glaucoma.




Diabetic Retinopathy



This condition affects the blood vessels in the light-sensitive tissue called the retina which is located the back of the eye. This is the most common cause of vision loss among people with diabetes and the leading cause of vision impairment and blindness among working-age adults.



1. Blurred vision



2. Spots or lines in your vision




Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)



A reaction of diabetic retinopathy, DME is swelling in an area of the retina called the macula.




In this condition, People experienced the clouding of the eye’s lens Adults who have diabetes are 2-5 times more likely than those without diabetes to develop a cataract. Cataract also leans to develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes.



1. Blurred vision


2. Glared vision







It is a group of diseases which damages the eye’s optic nerve the bundle of nerve fibers that connects the eye to the brain. Some types of glaucoma are related to elevated pressure inside the eye. Over adults, diabetes nearly doubles the risk of glaucoma.


Symptoms of Glaucoma



1. Loss of vision or visual field


2. Headache


3. Eye aches (pain)


4. Halos around lights


5. Blurred vision


6. Watering eyes




Blurry Vision



Never buy new glasses as soon as you notice that things look hazy. It could just be a small problem caused by high blood sugar. Your eye lens gets swell, which changes the ability to see.


To correct it, you need to get your blood sugar back into the target range (70-130 milligrams per deciliter, or mg/dL, before meals, and less than 180 mg/dL 1 to 2 hours after a meal). It may take at least 3 months for your vision to fully get back to normal.


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What are the Symptoms of Eyes Problem During Diabetes?



There are no early symptoms of diabetic eye disease. No pain and no change in your vision as damage begin to grow inside your eyes, particularly with diabetic retinopathy.




When you feel the symptoms, they may include:



1. Blurry or wavy vision



2. Changing vision sometimes from day to day



3. Dark areas or vision loss



4. Poor color vision



5. Spots or dark strings (also called floaters)



6. Flashes of light




Who is More Possible to Develop Eyes Problem During Diabetes?



Anyone with diabetes can develop diabetic eye disease. Your risk is greater with :



1. High blood glucose that is not treated




2. High blood pressure that is not treated



3. High blood cholesterol and smoking may also raise your risk for diabetic eye disease.



If you have diabetes and you become pregnant, you can develop eye problems very quickly during your pregnancy. If you already have some diabetic retinopathy, it can get worse during pregnancy. Changes that help your body support a growing baby may put stress on the blood vessels in your eyes.


Diabetes usually happens only during the pregnancy is called gestational diabetes, does not usually cause eye problems. Researchers aren’t sure why this is the case.




How Common Eyes Problem During Diabetes?




Eye problems during diabetes are a very common sign. In diabetes, your eye’s get weak day by day blurry vision hazy vision, etc.



Diabetic Retinopathy



About one in three people with diabetes who are older than age 40 already have some signs of diabetic retinopathy.1 Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss in people with diabetes. Each person’s outlook for the future, however, it depends in large part on regular care. Finding and treating diabetic retinopathy early can reduce the risk of blindness by 95 percent.




Glaucoma and Cataracts




Your chances of developing glaucoma or cataracts are about twice that of someone without diabetes.




How Can I Protect My Eyes?



To prevent diabetic eye disease, or to keep it from getting worse, manage your diabetes your A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol; and quit smoking if you smoke. Read more information on how to manage diabetes.


Also, have a dilated eye exam at least once a year or more often if recommended by your eye care professional. These actions are powerful ways to protect the health of your eyes and can prevent blindness.


The sooner you work to manage diabetes the better is your health conditions, the better. And, even if you’ve struggled in the past to manage your health, taking better care of yourself now can protect your eyes for the future. It’s never too late to begin.





In the above article, we have discussed Eyes Problem During Diabetes and how can we manage this in a better way. Firstly you have to focus on your diet to maintain a healthy diet and physical activity it gives you more energy and you start feeling fit. But if you start feeling any of the above symptoms so consult a doctor as soon as possible.


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