Gum Diseases: Type, Cause, Symptoms & Treatment

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

What are gum diseases? Are you aware of it? Well, Nowadays, it became a very common disease not only in adults even in children as well. Basically, it is caused by poor brushing and flossing.

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Gum Disease is an inflammation of the gum line that surrounds and protects your teeth. It became the major cause of tooth loss in adults. Sometimes even you don’t realize that you have it because it is usually painless. It is also known as periodontal disease. The common causes of gum disease are a plaque, the sticky film of bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.

What are the Symptoms of Gum Diseases?

Most of the time this disease is painless, so it becomes important to be aware of any of the following symptoms:

  • Bleeding gum while brushing or flossing
  • Swollen, red or tender gums
  • Gums that withdraw from the tooth
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures
  • Continuous bad breath or taste in the mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • A change in the way your teeth come together
  • Sharp or dull pains when chewing foods
  • Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums
  • Oversensitivity to cold or hot temperatures

What are the Types of Gum Diseases?

1. Gingivitis:

Healthy gums are pink and firm. If you have gingivitis, then your gums become red, swollen, bleeding, or sore. It is the gentle form of periodontal disease.

2. Periodontitis:

Periodontitis is an advanced gum problem. It not only destroys your gum tissue, but it also spreads behind the gum line, affects your teeth, and deteriorates your jawbone leading to tooth loss and jawbone atrophy.


3. Aggressive Periodontitis:

It is the quick development of periodontitis. Gingival ligaments (which hold your teeth in place), gingival tissue, and bone destruction developed at an advanced step.

4. Chronic Periodontitis:

Its a swelling of the supporting gum tissues of the teeth and bone loss. This is the major form and is distinguish by gum recession. declining of gums usually occurs slowly.


5. Systemic Periodontitis:

It is developed due to systemic disease. These diseases include:

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What are the Causes of Gum Diseases?

The major cause of gum diseases is a plaque. However, there are some other factors that can contribute to Gum disease. These include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Diseases that make your immune system weeks, such as cancer and HIV.
  • Medications can affect oral health like steroids, some anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers, and oral contraceptives
  • Smoking or chewing Tobacco
  • Poor oral hygiene habits
  • Family history
  • Crooked teeth

How to Treat Gum Diseases?

Under the treatment of gum disease we consider healthy gums to teeth; such as the depth of pockets, reduce swelling, stop disease progression, and the risk of infection.

The treatment procedure depends on the stage of disease, your respond to earlier treatments, and your overall health. It can be nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth or surgery to restore supportive tissues.



Well, here we have discussed all gum diseases like types, treatment, symptoms. The best way to protect to yourself from this disease is to maintain oral hygiene. Brush your teeth properly, do flossing regularly, and if you are having the family history of it you should go for a regular dental checkup.

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