Juvenile Diabetes: Symptoms, Risk, and Treatment

Divya Tripathi

, Health A2Z

Juvenile diabetes which is also known as ‘Type 1 diabetes’, is a chronic autoimmune condition where the pancreas is unable to produce insulin, that is the hormone that regulates blood sugar. Insulin is used in our bodies to convey the sugar in our bloodstream as energy, causing people to experience Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA).

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Type 1 diabetes hits suddenly and it is not actually related to lifestyle or diet. We cannot prevent this disease and, as of now, there is no cure for it. That’s the reason it’s crucial to be aware of the symptoms of juvenile diabetes so you’re able to recognize them early.

What are the Symptoms of Juvenile Diabetes

One of the early signs of Type 1 diabetes in children is increased thirst and urination. When your kid has high blood sugar, it triggers a reaction in the body that takes out fluid from tissues. It makes your kid constantly thirsty, resulting in a need for more toilet breaks throughout the day. There are some more symptoms that you should be aware of.


If your kid feels constantly tiredness, it can be a sign that your kid’s body is having trouble turning sugar in the bloodstream into energy.

Changes in Vision

High blood sugar levels can lead to eyesight problems or blurred vision.

Fruity Smelling Breath

Excess sugar in the blood can cause your kid’s breath smells fruity

Extreme Hunger and Unexplained Weight Loss

When your kid’s muscles and organs aren’t receiving enough energy, it can lead to extreme hunger. which can cause a sudden weight loss . Especially, if your ward is eating more it should not be ignored.

Unusual Behavior

If your child seems more restless and moody than normal along with some above mention symptoms, it can be cause for your concern.

Who are at the Risk of Juvenile Diabetes?

Some common risk factors for type 1 diabetes

Family History

If any of your parent or sibling is with type 1 diabetes, it has a slightly high risk of developing the condition.


There are certain genes which indicates an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.


Type 1 diabetes appears at two noticeable peaks. The first is in children between 4 and 7 years old, and the second is in children between 10 and 14 years old.

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What is the Treatment For Juvenile Diabetes?

Treatment for type 1 diabetes means prevent health problems, good diabetes control, and help kids to have normal development in all aspects. To do this, parents, as well as kids, should target to keep blood sugar levels within the normal range as much as possible.

In general, kids with type 1 diabetes need to:

  • Take insulin as prescribed
  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet with carbohydrate counts
  • Check blood sugar levels regularly
  • Do regular physical activity.

The above mention treatment plan can help your kids to stay healthy, treating diabetes is all about how to manage it. As of now, there’s no cure for diabetes. So, kids with juvenile diabetes will need treatment for the rest of their lives.

How Can I Help My Child to Manage Juvenile Diabetes?

You can help your kids lead healthier, happier lives by giving constant encouragement, making sure that your children do regular exercise, eat properly, and blood sugar control every day.

Children with diabetes need to monitor and control their blood sugar levels. They need to:

  • Check blood sugar levels a few times a day.
  • Give themselves insulin injections, or use an insulin pump
  • eat a balanced, healthy diet and pay special attention to the amounts of sugars and starches in the food they eat and the timing of their meals
  • Motivate them to do regular exercise.
  • work closely with their diabetes health care team and doctor to get the best possible diabetes control


Here we have discussed juvenile diabetes along with its symptoms, risk factors, and its treatments as well. It’s true that as of now there is not any prevention and cure of type 1 diabetes but by using the above mention methods you can help your kid to manage it very well. It will help your kid to live a normal life and get proper development weather it is physical, mental or emotional. At last the most important is to be in regular touch with your diabetes consultant to take his proper guidance.

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