The Leading Cause Of Death In 2018: Traumatic Brain Injury

Vaibhav Saxena

, Health A2Z

Traumatic Brain Injury is labeled as the biggest cause of fatal deaths occurring worldwide every day. In fact, this condition is the primary factor that causes severe problems like coma and disability. Hence, it is classified as a worldwide social, economic, and health problem. The toll of people getting affected due to this injury is in numbers of millions worldwide.


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What is Traumatic Brain Injury?


The traumatic brain injury which is abbreviated into TBI generally, It is the aftermath of an injury. This injury can be originated through a jolt or damage to the brain or the body. The TBI is the leading cause behind brain damage in children as well as adults. The TBI is basically similar to other injuries that are encountered by our body often.

However, the brain injury becomes such chronic and concerned due to the part of the body which gets damaged in this condition. The brain is the superior body part of the body which defines each and every aspect of our personality. When an injury is caused to the brain, the body becomes fragile and frowned. In fact, one moment a person can feel all well and very next moment the life and personality can become different and changed due to injury.


What are Traumatic Brain Injury Symptoms?


The symptoms vary according to the chronicity of the injury. Also, the person who gets injured is also a major aspect of concluding the severity of the symptoms as the brittleness of the skull varies as well. Although, the symptoms, as well as signs of the TBI, are recognizable within a few hours of the injury. There is a large spectrum of physical and psychological symptoms that are observed by the sufferer.


1. Physical Symptoms:

  • Confusion
  • A headache
  • Temporary loss of consciousness
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Fatigue or drowsiness

2. Psychological Symptoms:

  • Profound confusion
  • Agitation
  • Slurred speech
  • Coma
  • Consciousness Disorder
  • Weird behavior
  • Disorientation


Also, in the case of head injury in children, the symptoms are often more chronic and dissimilar to the aforementioned. Seek the underlying symptoms.


  • Refusing eating or nursing habits
  • Drowsiness
  • Loss of interest in favorite toys or activities
  • Unusual irritability
  • Persistent crying and inability to be consoled
  • Change in ability to pay attention
  • Seizures
  • Sad or depressed mood



What are the Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury?


There is a presence of cerebrospinal fluid in the skull which protects the outlines of the brain. Whereas, an injury either pushes the brain to collide directly to the walls of the skull or a physical element penetrates the skull to damage the brain. Both of the mentioned conditions can be caused due to distinctive scenarios that are enlisted below.


1. Falls

Falls are the major cause behind the arousal of TBI. Whether it be adult or child, a person can fall due to many conditions like while bathing, push, pull, stairs or other situations.


2. Combat Injuries

A person gets stuck in fights and combats which leads to hitting each other hard as possible while ignoring the outcome. These combats can cause damage to the skull as well.


3. Vehicle Injuries

Every other person gets engaged in driving or riding a bike, car or bicycles. Road accidents and vehicle collisions can cause the condition of brain damage as well.


4. Sports Injuries

There are sports that are played calmly and with very less physical movements, and there are many sports that involve harsh and vigorous movements like soccer, volleyball, basketball, fighting and more. Such vigorous sports can cause brain damage as well.


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What is Traumatic Brain Injury Treatment?


The treatment procedure of the TBI depends on the severity of the condition. The Mild Traumatic Brain Injury doesn’t require much of a concern and the condition becomes seizable after a short course of rest and over the counter medicines. Whereas, severe TBI requires attention and immediate treatment procedure. The major treatment procedures are:

1. Medication: The medication that is provided is basically prescribed to reduce the pain and heal the injury. Also, medication to refurbish the lost fluid is also prescribed by the doctor.

2. Surgery: In the case of extreme chronicity, immediate surgical measures are conducted over the patient. Surgical measures like fracture repairing, creating a hematoma and making an open window to heal the brain damage are conducted.

3. Rehabilitation: The people who encounter the TBI, often lose the basic abilities and behavior they persisted. Hence, rehabilitation is required to make them the same person they were before the injury.

Also, the TBI is diagnosed by using Imaging tests like X-ray, MRI or CT scan. Apart from imaging tests, the doctor relies on the physical exam and the information extracted by the patient.

Traumatic Brain Injury Guidelines:

  • To recover take plenty of rest, avoid any future brain injury and intake medicines on time
  • Follow a consistent routine to help your brain work systemically without pressure
  • Avoid distraction while performing any task and stay focused on your work
  • Keep distance from risky events like car racing, horse riding or other adventurous sports
  • Use guards at pointy and sharp materials, and stay away from violence.


The traumatic brain injury is the leading condition which caused death to 50 thousand people worldwide in 2012. The toll has been constantly increasing from past years. Hence, the person must stay conscious and concerned regarding saving their head from getting damaged.

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