Multiple myeloma is life-threatening cancer (healthy plasma cells become abnormal cells that multiply and produce abnormal antibodies) that occurs in a type of white blood cell called a plasma cell. Healthy plasma cells help to fight infections by making antibodies that recognize and attack germs. During multiple myeloma, cancerous plasma cells clot in the bone marrow and crowd out healthy blood cells.
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Rather than produce helpful antibodies, the cancer cells have abnormal proteins that can cause complications. But you don’t have to worry as we provide affordable multiple myeloma treatment in India, Click here to book an appointment.
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Multiple myeloma can lead to life-threatening situations, hence it is essential to get proper treatment at the right time. Here at GoMedii we provide you complete support throughout the treatment in India and help you to get the best facilities at affordable cost.
What are the symptoms of multiple myeloma?
Signs and symptoms of multiple myeloma can vary or there can be no symptoms during the early stage. Some people have multiple myeloma without symptoms but blood tests show signs of conditions that may become multiple myeloma.
When signs and symptoms do occur, they can include:
- Loss of appetite
- Frequent infections
- Mental fogginess or confusion
- Bone pain, especially in the spine or chest
- Bruising or bleeding more easily.
Visit a doctor if you notice any of these sign and symptoms.
What causes multiple myeloma?
Doctors say that myeloma begins with one abnormal plasma cell in the bone marrow themarrow the soft, blood-producing tissue that fills in the center of most of the bones. But the real cause of myeloma is not known. But Some potential causes they’re exploring include:
- Genetic mutations
- Environmental factors
- Having an inflammatory disease or condition: Examples of inflammatory disease include heart disease, Type 2 diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis.
Factors that might increase the risk of multiple myeloma include:
- Increasing age.
- Male sex.
- Black race.
- Family history.
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What tests are performed to diagnose multiple myeloma?
Sometimes multiple myeloma is diagnosed when the doctor detects it accidentally during a blood test for some other condition. It can also be diagnosed if the doctor suspects the patient could have multiple myeloma based on the signs and symptoms.
Tests and procedures used to diagnose multiple myeloma include:
- Blood tests.
- Urine tests.
- Examination of the bone marrow.
- Imaging tests include X-ray, MRI, CT, or positron emission tomography (PET).
What is the multiple myeloma treatment in India?
Multiple myeloma is curable if you get treatment at the right time treatment options for multiple myeloma to include:
Targeted therapy. During targeted therapy, the targeted drug treatments focus on specific weaknesses present within cancer cells. By blocking these weaknesses, targeted drug treatments can cause cancer cells to die.
Immunotherapy. During immunotherapy, the immune system fights cancer. The body’s disease-fighting immune system might not attack cancer because the cancer cells produce proteins that help them hide from the immune system cells. Immunotherapy interferes with that process to prevent cell division.
Chemotherapy. In this process, drugs are used to kill cancer cells. The drugs kill fast-growing myeloma cells. High doses of chemotherapy drugs are given before a bone marrow transplant.
Corticosteroids. Corticosteroid medications are given to regulate the immune system to control inflammation in the body.
Bone marrow transplant. A bone marrow transplant also called a stem cell transplant is a procedure to replace diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow.
Before a stem cell transplant, blood-forming stem cells are collected from the blood. The patient then receives high doses of chemotherapy to destroy the affected bone marrow. Then the stem cells are infused into the body, where they travel to the bones and begin rebuilding the bone marrow.
Radiation therapy. During radiation therapy high-powered energy beams from X-rays and protons kill cancer cells. It might be used to quickly shrink myeloma cells in a specific area for instance, when a collection of abnormal plasma cells form a tumor that’s causing pain or destroying a bone.
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