According to a study, young adults, who were bullied in their childhood, are at significantly higher risk of depression due to a mix of genetic and environmental factors.
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Using detailed experience and mood questionnaires along with the genetic information of around 3,325 people who are teenagers and were part of the 90s study, it is found that childhood bullying was firmly associated with course of depression which rises at an early age.
Children who continued to show a high degree of depression into their adulthood were also more likely to have genetic responsibility for depression and a mother who was dealing with postnatal depression.
Well, children who were bullied in their childhood but did not have any genetic history for depression showed much lower depressive symptoms when they become young adults.
“Although we know that depression can hit first to the teenagers we didn’t know how risk factors affect change over time,” said Alex Kwong, a Ph.D. student at the University of Bristol in the UK.
“A heartful thanks to the Children of the 90s study, we were able to examine at different time points the relationships between the strongest risk factors like bullying and maternal depression and the factors like genetic liability,” Kwong added.
According to the study, published in the journal JAMA Network Open, has found that young adults who were bullied as children were around eight times more likely to feel the depression that was limited to childhood.
However, the children who were bullied in their childhood showed greater patterns of depression which continued into adulthood and the group of some children also showed family risk and genetic liability, it said.
“However, just because an individual has genetic liability to depression, it does not mean that they are bounded to go on and have depression. There are a number of different ways that we still don’t completely understand and need to investigate later,” Kwong said.
Rebecca Pearson, the lecturer at the university, said that the results can also help us to identify the actual groups of children are most likely to suffer ongoing symptoms of depression to the adulthood and which children will recover over adolescence.
“For an example, the results propose that the children with multiple risk factors (including family history and bullying) should be targeted for early intervention but that when risk factors such as bullying occur insolation, symptoms of depression may be less likely to persist,” she said.
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Source: Times Now News
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