Protect Your Kidney from Polycystic Kidney Disease

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z


The smooth functioning of a body can only take place if the body is detoxified and all the waste material is thrown outside. A major part of this system is taken care of by the Kidneys. It becomes important that any complications that are faced in relation to the well being of the organ are attended. Polycystic Kidney Disease results in lesser working capability of the Kidney and this further makes it dangerous for the human body.


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What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?


Polycystic kidney disease(PKD) is an organ disorder which results in clusters of cysts develop primarily within the kidneys. This causes the kidneys to enlarge which eventually leads to losing function overtime of the Kidneys.



What are Cysts? These can be defined as the noncancerous round sacs containing fluid. The cysts may vary in size and have the capability of growing in bigger sizes. If there are an increased number of cysts in the kidney it might lead to severe health issues.



There are Two Types of PKD-



Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease:


It mostly occurs at an age of 30 and 40 and might be inherited if any one parent has a history of PKD. Most of the cases involved have this kind of polycystic kidney disease.



Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease:


This kind is not so common and if anyone acquires, it is usually known at an early stage in their life. There are cases where symptoms don’t appear until later in childhood or during adolescence. For this to genetically affect, both parents have to have a history of the disease.


Polycystic kidney disease also affects the other parts of the body. There might be chances that this condition would lead to cysts in other organs such as the liver. The disease does not stop its complication here it can further deteriorate another working of the body, including high blood pressure and kidney failure.



Polycystic kidney disease varies greatly in how severe it can be, and some complications are preventable. There is a great need for the changes Lifestyle and treatments might help reduce damage to all the kidneys complications.


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Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease :


1)High blood pressure

2)Back or side pain


4)Increased size of your abdomen due to enlarged kidneys

5)Blood in your urine

6)Kidney stones

7)Kidney failure

8)Urinary tract or kidney infections


There a lot of complications that can be caused due to Polycystic Kidney disease. It includes:



a) High blood pressure: Higher blood pressure is a common complication of polycystic kidney disease. It further increases the chances of high risk for strokes.


b) Unfunctional Kidney: The increase in cysts formations can lead to loss of the function of kidneys in the body. It is seen that half of those with the disease have kidney failure by age 60.



c) The spread of cysts: The cyst can also spread to other organs that will affect their functioning as well. These most prone organs include the liver as well.



d) Hemorrhage: A balloonlike bulge in a blood vessel that develops in the brain can cause bleeding which is the technical term is referred to as hemorrhage if it bursts or ruptures. When someone has polycystic kidney disease, the chances increase of them getting a hemorrhage.



Prevention from Polycystic Kidney Disease is a must. In order to do so, a healthy diet is recommended. It is necessary that proper medication from a doctor is taken. Control on different ingredients like food with high salt content should be avoided. A healthy lifestyle demands physical activity be included in it. A dedicated 30 min of physical activity will help fight the disease better. Keep your safe healthy and fit to avoid such chronic problems in the future.


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