Risk Factors for Antibiotic Use in Pregnancy and Lactation

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

For sure soon to be mums are wondering about the risk factors associated with antibiotic use in pregnancy and lactation.


So, today we will talk about is there any risk factors associated with antibiotic use in pregnancy and lactation. What type of antibiotics should a pregnant lady really take or what type of antibiotics are safe?




Risk Factors for Antibiotic Use in Pregnancy:

Usually, doctors prescribed antibiotics during pregnancy. The specific medication (antibiotics) must be chosen carefully during pregnancy.


Some antibiotics are OK to take when you are pregnant, while others are not. Safety od antibiotics depend on various factors, such as the type of antibiotic, how much you take antibiotics during pregnancy, when in your pregnancy you take the antibiotic, and what are the possible effects it might have on your pregnancy.


Following are some example of antibiotics that are generally considered safe during pregnancy:

  • Penicillins
  • Cephalosporins
  • Erythromycin
  • Clindamycin


But certain other antibiotics are believed to pose risks during pregnancy such as tetracyclines can harm as discoloring of a developing baby’s teeth.


Tetracyclines antibiotics aren’t recommended for use after the 15th week of pregnancy.


If an antibiotic is the safest way to treat your condition during pregnancy, surely, your healthcare provider will prescribe you the safest antibiotic with the safest dosage.


If you have concerns or questions about the antibiotic use during pregnancy, it’s always better to talk to your healthcare provider.



Using Antibiotics During Pregnancy:

There are few guidelines that are offered by doctors and researchers, which should be must follow before prescribing an antibiotic to a pregnant woman:

  • A pregnant woman should use antibiotics if no other treatment option is available.
  • Always avoid prescribing antibiotics during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Always try to choose safe medication.
  • Always go for single prescriptions over polypharmacy.
  • Keep dosage level at the lowest possible amount.
  • Advise pregnant women not to use over the counter (OTC) medications during antibiotic treatment.




Risk Factors for Antibiotic Use in Lactation:

Breastfeeding is unquestionably the best form of nutrition for newborns as well as young infants. Lactation has several advantages that go far beyond nutritional and anti-infective benefits.


For several reasons, antibiotics are one of the general groups of drugs that are prescribed to postpartum mothers.


Having several reasonable adverse reactions and immediate side effects of antibiotics to babies, some of them also have long-term effects on infant development and growth.





Above written risk factors are some of the factors related to antibiotic use in pregnancy and lactation. A pregnant woman should always take advice from her doctor before taking any such type of antibiotics.

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