Overview of Tooth Sensitivity by Dentist

Dr. Avneesh Vij

, Health A2Z



Nowadays, many people are suffering from tooth sensitivity. It can happen at any age there is no particular age required. It generally happens when you have a lot of drinks, sugary items, and hot or cold beverages on a daily basis.


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What is Tooth Sensitivity?



It is very common to have tooth sensitivity. It is also known as dentin hypersensitivity or root sensitivity. Intake of hot, cold, sweet or very acidic foods and drinks, or breathing in cold air, makes your teeth or a tooth sensitive or painful.



What are the Symptoms of Sensitive Teeth?



People who have sensitive teeth experience pain or discomfort as a response to certain triggers. You may feel this pain at the roots of the affected teeth. The most common triggers include:



1. Hot foods and beverages,


2. Cold foods and beverages


3. Cold air


4. Sweet foods and beverages


5. Acidic foods and beverages


6. Cold water, especially during routine dental cleanings


7. Brushing or flossing teeth


8. Alcohol-based mouth rinses


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What are the Causes of Tooth Sensitivity?



A few people naturally have more sensitive teeth than others due to having thinner enamel. The enamel is the outer layer of the tooth which protects it. In most of the cases, the tooth’s enamel can be worn down from:



  • Using a hard toothbrush


  • Grinding your teeth at night


  • Regularly eating or drinking acidic foods and beverages



Sometimes, other conditions can lead to tooth sensitivity. GERD Gastroesophageal reflux, for example, can cause acid to come up from the stomach and esophagus and may wear down teeth over time. Conditions which cause frequent vomiting including gastroparesis and bulimia can also cause acid to wear down the enamel.



Break down of teeth, chipped teeth, and worn-down fillings or crowns can leave the dentin of the tooth exposed, causing sensitivity. Your teeth may be temporarily sensitive following dental work like getting fillings, crowns, or teeth bleaching. In this case, the sensitivity will also be confined to one tooth or the teeth surrounding the tooth that received dental work. This should subside after several days.



How is Tooth Sensitivity Treated?


If your tooth sensitivity is gentle, you can try the dental treatments. Choose a toothpaste which is labeled as being specifically made for sensitive teeth. These kinds of toothpaste won’t have any irritating ingredients and may have desensitizing ingredients that help block the discomfort from traveling to the nerve of the tooth.



When you use mouthwash, choose an alcohol-free mouth rinse, as it will be less irritating to sensitive teeth. Try to use softer toothbrushes and brushing more gently can also help. Soft toothbrushes will be labeled as such. It typically takes some applications for these remedies to work. You should see an improvement within a week.



About Dr. Praveen Kumar: Doctor Praveen Kumar is a well-known Senior Consultant Dentist of Delhi/ NCR.  If you feel tooth sensitivity or any dental problem then you can book a free online appointment to consult the doctor.


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