Why Women Faces Abdominal Cramps During Pregnancy?

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

When you’re pregnant, you get used to a small discomfort all over such as tender breasts and sore feet or an achy back. But if you’re experiencing abdominal cramps during pregnancy, you might think a bit concerned.


Mainly some abdominal cramps during pregnancy are normal which are usually associated with everything from constipation, increased blood flow as well as uterus in the first trimester to the Braxton-Hicks contractions in the second and third trimesters.


During the first trimester of your pregnancy, cramping often results from the normal changes that usually occur during the baby’s development.


Abdominal cramps during pregnancy are usually described as pulling sensations on one or both sides of the abdomen.


Although it is not considered a symptom for detecting early pregnancy, it is a symptom that brings many pregnancies. In most of the cases, cramping is a normal part of pregnancy but in some instances, cramping can be a concern.




When Should You Be Concerned About Cramps During Pregnancy?

It’s not normal to have cramps during pregnancy with pain that’s severe, accompanied or persistent by other symptoms like nausea, vaginal bleeding, vomiting, headache, or fever. Pain with cramps and vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy are the signs of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.


It is also not normal to have any kind of a pain in the upper abdomen. But if you are experiencing an unusually sensitive touch in the abdomen when your pressure is released, it could be a serious abdominal infection known as peritonitis.




What are the Causes of Cramps During Pregnancy?

Cramps during pregnancy typically occur when the uterus the expands, that causes the ligaments and muscles to stretch. It may be more noticeable when you sneeze, change positions during sleep and cough.


During the 2nd trimester, the round ligament pain is the common cause of cramping. The round ligament is a muscle that supports the uterus, and when the uterus stretches, you may feel a sharp, a dull ache or stabbing pain in your lower abdomen.


Cramping that is comparatively minor and happens every now and then is probably nothing to be worried about. Some further causes of normal cramping in pregnancy are;

  • Gas and Bloating
  • Sexual intercourse
  • Constipation




Are Cramps During Early Pregnancy a Sign of Miscarriage?

Having cramps in the lower abdominal area or the lower back in early pregnancy or the first trimester is most likely signals one of three following things including;

Normal pains: If you experienced cramping without bleeding, so don’t worry it is usually not a sign of miscarriage.


Miscarriage: few times cramping can lead to miscarriage when the cramping is followed by spotting or another vaginal bleeding.


Ectopic pregnancy: If you experience faint and if your abdominal cramping is severe then your cramping may be a sign of ectopic pregnancy.





Abdominal cramps during pregnancy are normal that is associated with increased blood flow and constipation as well as uterus in the first trimester. But before taking any type of medicine you should consult your doctor.

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