Menopause is the moment that marks the end of your menstrual cycles. It’s diagnosed after 12 months without menstruation. It can occur in 40 or 50 years, but the average age is 51 in most of the women.
It is a natural biological process. But physical symptoms like hot flashes and the emotional symptoms of menopause, can interrupt your sleep, can reduce your energy, or affect your emotional health. There are many effective treatments for this such as lifestyle adaptation and hormone therapy.
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Menopause is the period in a woman’s life when her menstrual cycles or period stops. It occurs because the woman’s ovaries stop producing the hormones progesterone and estrogen.
A woman has reached menopause if she did not have a period of one year. The changes and symptoms can begin several years earlier including;
- A change of period: more or less long, lighter or heavier, with more or less time.
- Hot flashes and/or night sweats.
- Difficulty in sleeping.
- Vaginal dryness.
- Mood changes.
- To focus on the problems.
- Hair loss.
What are the Causes of Menopause?
There are several causes and reasons for menopause including;
- The natural decline in the reproductive hormones.
- Hysterectomy (it is a surgical removal of all or part of the uterus).
- The woman has undergone radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
- Primary ovarian insufficiency.
What are the Symptoms of Menopause?
In the months or years leading up to this stage, you might experience the following signs and symptoms:
- Irregular periods
- Hot flashes
- Vaginal dryness
- night sweats
- Sleep problems
- Weight gain and slowed metabolism
- Thinning hair and dry skin
- Mood changes
- Loss of breast fullness
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Other symptoms of this stage include changes in menstruation or you will experience some irregularity in your periods.
Skipping periods during perimenopause is expected and common. Usually, menstrual periods will skip and come back a month, or skip for several months, and then begin monthly cycles for a few months. Periods also tend to occur in shorter cycles, so they are closer to each other.
Despite irregular rules, pregnancy is possible. If you missed a period, but are not sure if you started menopause, consider taking a pregnancy test.
What are the Complications of Menopause?
When a woman faces menopause, she may be at high risk of certain medical conditions including;
1. Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease-
Heart conditions that include diseased vessels, blood clots, and structural problems.
A condition in which the person’s bones become brittle and weak.
Urinary incontinence- A condition in which the tissues of your urethra and vagina lose elasticity.
3. Sexual function-
Due to increased vaginal dryness and loss of elasticity and slight bleeding during sexual intercourse.
4. Weight gain-
Most of the women gain weight during the process of menopausal transition and after menopause.
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