World AIDS Day 2018: Is HIV Vaccine Useful?

Well as we all know, since 1988 on 1st of December we are celebrating World AIDS Day 2018. This World AIDS Day 2018 was dedicated to raising awareness regarding the AIDS pandemic caused due to spreading of HIV infection and grieving those who have died of the disease.

 

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There are several non-governmental organizations, government and health officials as well as individuals around the world who helps in preventing and spreading education regarding AIDS prevention and control.

 

There are some global public health campaigns which are marked by the World Health Organization in association with World Health Day 2018, World Immunization Week, World Blood Donor Day, World Tuberculosis Day, World Malaria Day, World No Tobacco Day, and World Hepatitis Day.

 

 

 

What is the History and Theme of World AIDS Day 2018?

The World AIDS Day was first considered in August 1987 by Thomas Netter and James W. Bunn, two public information officers for the Global Programme on AIDS at the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. Both Netter and Bunn took their idea and concept of the World AIDS Day to Dr. Jonathan Mann, Director of the Global Programme on AIDS (today is known as UNAIDS). Dr. Mann liked the idea and approved it.

 

This year, the World AIDS Day 2018 theme is “Know Your Status”

 

 

 

What is the HIV Vaccine and Is HIV Vaccine Useful?

 

An HIV vaccine may have the goal of protecting people who do not have HIV from being infected with the virus or treating an HIV-infected person.

 

There are two ways to an HIV vaccine: one is an active vaccination approach that aims to induce an immune response against HIV, and another is a passive vaccination approach in which antibodies performed against HIV infection.

 

Well, currently there is no licensed HIV vaccine for HIV but there are multiple research projects that are trying to find an effective vaccine for the infection. Some, but absolutely not all, HIV-infected individuals usually produce broadly neutralizing antibodies which keep the suppressed virus and these people remain asymptomatic for years.

 

Some neutralizing antibodies have been cloned in the monoclonal antibodies and are being tested in passive vaccination clinical trials.

 

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What are the Types of HIV Vaccines?

 

Following are types of HIV Vaccines including;

 

  • Live attenuated vaccines

 

  • Recombinant subunit vaccines

 

  • Modified envelopes

 

  • Inactivated vaccines

 

  • Peptide vaccines

 

  • Recombinant vectored vaccines

 

  • Other vectors

 

  • DNA vaccines

 

  • Replicons

 

  • Vaccines against viral toxins

 

 

What is a Preventive HIV Vaccine?

 

 

A preventive HIV vaccine is provided to those people who do not have HIV, with the aim of preventing HIV infection. The vaccine helps in constructing the person’s immune system to identify and effectively fight against HIV in case the person is ever exposed to HIV.

 

There are no preventive HIV vaccines which are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but research is underway. A person must be enrolled in a clinical trial to receive any type of preventive HIV vaccine.

 

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