National Pollution Control Day 2018: Disease Due to Pollution

Tanuja Bisht

, News

Every year on 2nd of December, the National Pollution Control Day is celebrated in India in order to give memorialize and honor the thousands of people who died because of the Bhopal gas calamity.




What are the Objectives of National Pollution Control Day 2018?

There are three main objectives of the National Pollution Control Day 2018 including;

  • Spreading awareness regarding how to control and manage industrial disasters.
  • Preventing the pollution created by human or industrial processes.
  • Making industries and people aware of the importance of pollution control acts.




What are the Initiatives Taken by Indian Government to Control Pollution on National Pollution Control Day 2018?

Following are some of the initiatives regarding National Pollution Control Day 2018 that are taken by the Indian government to control pollution including;

  • Urban wastewater reuse and treatment project.
  • Scientific treatment of solid waste and management.
  • Reduce the generation of waste.
  • Sewage treatment facility.
  • Reuse of waste as well as producing energy from the waste.
  • Making biomedical waste treatment facility
  • Making electronic waste treatment facility
  • Doing water supply projects
  • Getting resources recovery project
  • Using energy saving projects
  • Having hazardous waste management in urbanized areas
  • Several projects on the Clean Development Mechanism


There are numerous other efforts as well taken by the different state government on making the pollution controlling policies, proper implementation of these rules and all the preventive measures of pollution are important. Industries are the first who must follow all the rules that are made to reduce or control the pollution.




What are the Different Diseased Caused Due to Pollution?

Diseases that are caused by pollution, lead to about 8.4 million deaths each year. There are so many different types of pollution-related diseases, those caused by air pollution, water pollution, contaminated soil, and lacking water, sanitation, and hygiene.


1. Diseases Caused Due to Air Pollution:

  • Stroke
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Lung cancer
  • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • Acute lower respiratory infections in children



2. Diseases Caused Due to Water Pollution:

  • Amoebiasis
  • Buruli ulcer
  • Campylobacter
  • Hepatitis
  • Leptospirosis
  • Norovirus
  • Rotavirus
  • Salmonella
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Shigellosis
  • Typhoid fever



3. Diseases Caused Due to Sanitation and Hygiene:

  • Lymphatic filariasis
  • Scabies
  • Soil-transmitted helminthiasis
  • Dermatophytosis (ringworm)
  • Trachoma



4. Diseases Caused Due to Vector-Borne:

  • Dengue fever
  • Arboviral encephalitis
  • Malaria
  • Rift Valley fever
  • Onchocerciasis
  • Yellow fever

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