More than 2 billion people in the world suffering from common nutrient deficiencies- According to WHO– such nutrient deficiencies which are ignored but can lead to the rampant spread. Where nutrition deficiencies are characterized as lacking essential vitamins and minerals necessary for the body for proper growth and development.
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Even the consumption of such nutrients in small quantities can initiate physical and mental development. Nutrients are such as iron, zinc, calcium, iodine, vitamin A, B-vitamins, and vitamin C.
Deficiencies of micronutrients is a global concern, the effects of this condition vary depending upon the type of deficiency. The impacts are not always acutely perceptible. In the following, we will be discussing 4 common deficiencies.
Learn about these 4 Common Nutrient Deficiencies
The part follows- common nutrient emergencies guided by WHO. Here, know in detail about all the nutrient deficiencies that need emergency action.
1. Iron Deficiency
Undoubtedly, iron deficiency is the most common among the other common nutrient deficiencies. The concern is, it is affecting a large population of children and women in developing countries. Surprisingly, about 30% of the world’s population- are anaemic reason being an iron deficiency.
2. Vitamin-A deficiency
WHO’s estimates- approx 250 000 to 500 000 vitamin A-deficient children become blind every year, Where half of them dying within 12 months of losing their sight.
The leading cause of preventable blindness in children and increased risk of disease, death from severe infections are associated with Vitamin A deficiency (VAD). Where it also exhibits night blindness and may increase the risk of maternal mortality.
3. Iodine deficiency
A dietary intake low in iodine leads to a deficiency of iodine. The deficiency of the iodine is a leading cause of preventable brain damage in childhood. WHO projected iodine as a key nutrient to pregnants- it is good for the fetal development process concerning the brain. Iodine deficiency in pregnant results in brain damage to the fetus as well as low birth weight. Where increased perinatal, prematurity and infant mortality are other effects.
4. Zinc deficiency
When concerning a child’s growth, digestion, sex hormone development, and a strong immunity- zinc is an important mineral. On the other hand, a slight deficiency can form a huge impact on the cognitive functioning, height and overall well-being of your child. In the global context, zinc deficiency is one of the very common nutrient deficiencies. It can be prevailing in men, women, and children.
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Treating & Preventing Common Nutrient Deficiencies
Our World in Data, suggests fulfilling the nutrient deficiencies with dietary intake. If dietary intake alone fails to meet the requirement- here are 3 key strategies to address deficiencies.
1. With Supplementation: When meeting requirements from the delivery of concentrated micronutrients in pill, powder or liquid form.
2. Food fortification: It is a process of adding required micronutrients to food. In general, carried out as a public health policy to overcome dietary deficiencies within a population.
3. Biofortification: With the help of agronomic practices (which is conventional plant breeding), the nutritional quality of food crops is improved. The object of biofortification is to increase nutrient levels in crops during plant growth.
We hope you found the information above of worth and value. We look forward to delivering the best out of everything we have and to nourish our healthy relation, like, offering you every healthy-related concern as above.
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