What is Fibromyalgia Symptoms and Treatment?

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Ever heard of fibromyalgia? According to Mayo Clinic, “the condition appears to be linked with changes in how the brain and spinal cord process pain signals.” The symptoms of the condition can be similar to many other conditions. So, it could take time to read up on which symptom is caused by what problem. Continue reading to understand the condition in detail.

 

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What is fibromyalgia?

 

As discussed, changes in “how the brain and spinal cord process pain signals” are linked with fibromyalgia (also known as FMS). Besides, the condition includes symptoms, such as widespread body pain, fatigue, poor sleep and mood problems. While, “Widespread” refers to pain on both sides of your body, including pain, both above and below your waist.

 

The complexity is that the symptoms can come and go over time. That’s why the process of understanding symptoms to a diagnosis can be a bit of time taking.

 

Further, the condition is often distinguished as supplemental pain when applied firm pressure on specific areas of your body, which is known as tender points.

 

What is fibromyalgia symptoms?

 

Doctors can not diagnose this condition with a simple blood test or X-ray. As there is no test, a doctor will rely solely on your group of symptoms to perform diagnosis. Here are the most severe symptoms of fibromyalgia:

 

  • Stiffness and pain in the whole body.
  • Fatigue: An overall feeling of tiredness or lack of energy.
  • Depression and anxiety, fibromyalgia often coexists with such health problems.
  • Headaches may also include migraines.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome: A disorder that affects the large intestine causing pain in the stomach, diarrhea, and constipation.
  • Numbness or tingling: Pins-and-needles sensation in the hands and feet common symptom of fibromyalgia.
  • Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome: Pain in the face or jaw joints.
  • Sleep problems.

 

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What is Fibromyalgia treatment?

 

Only fewer are familiar with FMS treatment, consult a doctor or healthcare team who are highly specialized in the field of giving treatment to this particular category. There is a combination of treatments available which are:

 

Treatment with medicines

 

  • Certain over-the-counter pain relievers.
  • Specifically approved prescription medicines for the treatment.
  • Prescription pain medicines.
  • Determined antidepressants for pain or sleep problems.

 

Lifestyle changes

 

  • Get enough sleep.
  • Start getting active but slowly and gradually.
  • Ask help from a physical therapist.
  • Manage and control stress.
  • Get onto a healthy diet.
  • Bring a balance between rest and exercising.

 

Psychotherapy for fibromyalgia treatment

 

For maintaining mental health, talk therapy or psychotherapy can be helpful. Psychotherapy like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help you in learning strategies for dealing with pain, stress, and negative thoughts.

 

Complementary therapies or Integrative Medicine

 

These therapies have helped some people with fibromyalgia symptoms. Still, there is a need for more studies to note the effective one among them. These therapies are massage, movement therapies, chiropractic therapy, and acupuncture.

Before trying them, one must seek guidance from their healthcare provider.

 

Conclusion:

 

The exact causes are yet to be known, but researchers have stated certain factors contributing as causes. These may include traumatic events, repetitive injuries, illnesses like viral infections, and genetics. Further, some people are at a higher risk of getting fibromyalgia include; women, middle-aged people, and people with certain diseases (such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis).

 

 

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