What Are the Most Common Complications of Type 2 Diabetes

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

The complications of type 2 diabetes are serious, but with the right lifestyle changes and attention to glycemic control, you can significantly reduce the risk of these complications.


Complications of type 2 diabetes occur because persistent high blood glucose levels over time can damage the body’s organs. These injuries are known as diabetes-related complications.


It can be scary to think of complications if you still have diabetes news, but acting today can make a big difference in the future.


With the help of your health care team, you can develop a daily self-management program that includes setting goals, achieving responsible and positive lifestyles.


Effective diabetes care means taking control of your diabetes. Ask questions and ask for more information when you need it. The more you know, the safer you’ll feel and the easier it will be to control your diabetes.


Complications of type 2 diabetes can affect many parts of the body, including the eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves, and feet. Your administration will include audits for all these areas. To keep up to date and remember when and how often you take the test, you need to know the annual care cycle.


In type 2 diabetes (also called type 2 diabetes mellitus), there are short- and long-term complications if you do not work hard to keep your blood sugar under control. However, by taking the amount and type of food you eat (your diet plan) and taking the necessary medications, you may be able to prevent these complications.




Short-Term Diabetes Complications:



Hypoglycemia is a small amount of glucose in the blood (sugar in the blood). Your blood sugar level may drop, especially if you are taking insulin or a sulphonylurea (those that cause your body to produce insulin during the day). If you eat less than normal or are more active on these medications, your blood sugar may fall too much.


Other possible causes of hypoglycemia include some medications (eg, aspirin, lowering blood glucose to> 81 mg) and too much alcohol (alcohol prevents the liver from releasing glucose).


The signs and symptoms of low blood glucose are easy to recognize:

  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Anxiety
  • Numbness in fingers, toes, and lips
  • Sleepiness
  • Whiteness of skin
  • Confusion
  • A headache
  • Slurred speech




Long-Term Diabetes Complications:

Keeping your blood glucose at a healthy level through meal planning, physical activity, and medication can help you avoid the long-term complications of diabetes.


These complications develop over several years and are all related to how blood sugar levels can affect blood vessels. Over time, hyperglycemia can damage the small and large blood vessels of the body.




As the complications of type 2 diabetes are serious, but taking or developing the right type of lifestyle changes and attention can seriously control your glycemic level. So, always take care of two things proper medication and a healthy lifestyle are the keys to reducing type 2 diabetes.

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