Best Diet to Prevent Diabetic Kidney Disease

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z

Changing the lifestyle could be a great step toward diabetes prevention and fortunately, it’s never too late to start. Consider these diet tips which we are going to discuss in this article. Diabetic kidney disease is a decrease in kidney function which begins in some people who already have diabetes. It means that the kidneys are not able to remove waste products and excess fluid from your body as they used to do it earlier. These wastes can build up in your body and cause damage to other organs.


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What is Diabetic Kidney Disease?


Diabetic kidney disease happens when your blood glucose or blood sugar levels are too high. Over time, this can damage your kidneys. If they get damaged, waste and fluids build up in your blood instead of leaving your body. Kidney damage from diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy.



What does Diabetes do to the Kidneys?


In diabetes, the small blood vessels in the body get injured. When the blood vessels in the kidneys are injured, your kidneys cannot clean the blood correctly. The body will persist more water and salt than it should, which can result in overweight and ankle swelling.


Diabetes also may cause damage to the nerves of the body. This causes difficulty in emptying the bladder. The pressure resulting from the full bladder can back up and injure the kidneys. Also, if urine persists in the bladder for a long period of time, it can develop an infection from the rapid growth of bacteria in urine which has a high sugar level.



What are the Symptoms of Diabetic Kidney Disease?


As kidney damage progresses, the kidneys cannot remove the waste from your blood. The waste then builds up in your body and can reach toxic levels, a condition known as uremia. People who have uremia are usually confused and occasionally become comatose.



There are a few symptoms of diabetic kidney disease such as:


1. Swelling in the hands, feet, and face


2. Trouble sleeping or concentrating


3. Loss of appetite


4. Nausea


5. Weakness


6. Itching (end-stage kidney disease) and extremely dry skin


7. Drowsiness (end-stage kidney disease)


8. Abnormalities in the hearts regular rhythm, because of increased potassium in the blood.


9. Muscle twitching


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Diet to Prevent Diabetic Kidney Disease



Dairy Products


1. Skim or fat-free milk


2. Non-dairy creamer


3. Plain yogurt


4. Sugar-free yogurt


5. Sugar-free pudding


6. Sugar-free ice cream


7. Sugar-free nondairy frozen desserts



Bread and Starches


1. Whole wheat and whole grain bread


2. Unsweetened bread


3. Refined dry cereals


4. Cream of wheat


5. Grits


6. Noodles


7. White or whole wheat pasta


8. Brown Rice


9. Bagel (small)


10. Hamburger bun


11. Unsalted crackers


12. Cornbread (made from scratch)



Fruits and Juices


1. Apples


2. Apple juice


3. Apricot halves


4. Berries like- strawberries, raspberries, cranberries, blackberries and blueberries.


5. Low sugar cranberry juice


6. Fruit cocktail


7. Grapefruit


8. Grapes


9. Grape juice


10. Kumquats


11. Mandarin oranges


12. Pears


13. Pineapple


14. Plums


15. Tangerine


16. Watermelon


Starchy Vegetables


1. Corn


2. Peas


3. Potatoes (soaked to reduce potassium)


Non-Starchy Vegetables


1. Asparagus beets


2. Broccoli


3. Brussels sprouts


4. Carrots


5. Cabbage


6. Cauliflower


7. Cucumber


8. Green beans


9. Kale


10. Mustard greens


11. Onions


12. Red and green peppers


13. Radishes


Higher-Protein Foods


(Meats, cheeses, and eggs)


1. Lean cuts of meat




3. Fish and seafood


4. Eggs


5. Low cholesterol egg substitute


6. Cottage cheese (limited due to high sodium content)


Higher-Fat Foods


(Seasoning and calories)


1. Soft or tub margarine low in trans fats


2. Mayonnaise


3. Low-fat sour cream


4. Sour cream


5. Cream cheese


6. Fat-free mayonnaise


7. Low fat cream cheese




1. Diet clear sodas


2. Homemade tea


3. Lemonade


4. Sweetened with an artificial sweetener




In the above article, we have discussed Diabetic kidney disease and its symptoms and diet to prevent this disease. The best way to control this disease is to eat a healthy diet with proper medications. If you feel that you are not feeling appropriate then consult a doctor as soon as possible.


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