Different Types of Cholesterol: The Good and the Bad

Anju Bisht

, Health A2Z

A frequently asked question- What are the different types of cholesterol?- when talking about cholesterol. Sometimes we get confused among the types that which one is good and which is the bad one. The following blog aims at providing you the right information and making things settle in your head permanently. So Let’s get this over with.


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What is cholesterol?


Let’s begin with ‘B’ as in Basic, Cholesterol is a wax type fat substance found in all the cells of the body. In particular, cholesterol is needed for making hormones, vitamin D, and everything which is need for the digestion of food.  You can also get cholesterol from animal sources such as egg yolks, meat, and cheese. Else your body, in particular, your liver can make enough for itself.


Too much cholesterol can cause severe conditions which can turn fatal. Okay, let’s move ahead.


What are the different types of cholesterol?


If you say cholesterol float around in your blood, true it does. But the difference is cholesterol can not move on its own. For that protein is needed and the combination of protein with cholesterol is called Lipoprotein.


Here are the two main types of cholesterol:


1. LDL Cholesterol


LDL stands for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Where this LDL is a “Bad Guy” or “Bad Cholesterol.” LDL combines with proteins and other substances in the blood and forms plaque. Further plaques buildup and leads to stiffer, narrower, or blocked blood vessels.


2. HDL Cholesterol


HDL refers to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. You can call HDL “Good Guy” or “Good Cholesterol.” HDL cholesterol doesn’t clog arteries. HDL work is to remove cholesterol from the blood vessels, further carries it back to the liver. In the liver, it is further broken down and removed from the body.


Another trick for you to learn about the different types of cholesterol. In LDL- where ‘L’ stands for ‘low-quality.’ On the other hand, in HDL- ‘H’ stands for ‘Healthful.’


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What can you do to prevent High cholesterol?


Here are some few things you can do to avoid or prevent high cholesterol:


1. Cut down the consumption of saturated and trans fat.

2. You need to maintain a healthy weight will help in balancing the 2 different types of cholesterol.

3. Indulge yourself in physical activities.

4. Eat food rich in omega 3 fatty acids.

5. Eat a diet that includes lots of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

6. Limit your alcohol consumption and foods that have lots of sugar and fat.


Your body does need cholesterol- every cell in your body needs cholesterol. Why? For the reason, to help the brain, skin, and other organs do their jobs well. But too much of everything is always bad. So, follow a healthy lifestyle to stay healthy and disease-free.

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