What are Dry Eyes: Its Symptoms, Cause & Treatment…

Tanuja Bisht

, Health A2Z

Most of the people have probably suffered the sensation of dry eyes at some point may be due to tiredness, lack of sleep, dry climate, or any other environmental factors.


But in some people, dry eyes may be a consistent hassle and one that requires treatment for providing relief.


If a person has dry eyes syndrome, his/her eyes cannot produce enough tears or he/she is not able to maintain a normal layer of tears to coat the eyes. As a result, their eyes cannot eliminate dust and other irritants. This can cause the following symptoms in the eyes:

  • Stinging
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Burning




What are Dry Eyes?

Dry eye syndrome is generally caused due to a chronic lack of sufficient moisture and lubrication on the surface of the eye. Outcomes of the condition vary from subtle but constant eye sensitivity or irritation to significant inflammation and even scarring of the front surface of the eye.


The syndrome is also known as dry eye disease, or simply the dry eye, other alternative medical terms that are used to describe dry eyes include:

  • Keratitis sicca
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Dysfunctional tear syndrome




What are the Symptoms of Dry Eyes?

There are several symptoms of the condition including;

  • Itchy eyes
  • Burning sensation
  • Aching sensations
  • Heavy eyes
  • Sore eyes
  • Dryness sensation
  • Fatigued eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Photophobia (light sensitivity)
  • Blurred vision


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What are the Causes of Dry Eyes?

The problem is caused when the eyes cannot produce enough or normal tears, or when eye tears evaporate quickly because of a problem with the tear film of the eye. There are a plenty of reasons why this might occur such as;

  • Age and gender
  • Using a computer
  • Wearing contact lenses
  • Use of some medications
  • Inflammation of eyelash follicles and eyelid glands
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Exposure to the wind or dry air
  • LASIK eye surgery
  • Some medications
  • Not blinking enough




Who is at Risk for Dry Eyes?

Dry eye syndrome is common in people age 50 and above. Women who are pregnant or on hormone replacement therapy or facing menopause are more at risk. The following underlying conditions can also increase the risk:

  • Chronic allergies
  • Thyroid disease
  • Rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and other immune system disorders
  • Exposure keratitis
  • Vitamin A deficiency




What are the Treatments Available for Dry Eyes?

There are several types of treatments available for the disease including;

  • Use of artificial tears
  • Use of lacrimal plugs
  • Use of some types of medications
  • Taking proper nutrition
  • Having surgery


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Dry eyes are common nowadays but with the help of these easy treatment option, you can provide relief to your eyes.

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