9 Most Common Symptoms of Anemia

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z


Nutrient deficiency can happen at any age, these are like supplements that drive our body. Particularly, deficiency of nutrients like Iron and Vitamins can cause great health issues like Anemia. Anemia is a very common blood disorder in the general population. It generally happens due to poor diet, insufficient intake of vitamins, minerals, proteins, etc.  If you are not taking much amount of healthy diet you start experiencing such anemia symptoms like – headache, chest pain, and pale skin. In this entire blog, we are sharing some important and detailed information about symptoms of anemia and which food items help to reduce anemia.


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What is Anemia?


Anemia usually happens when there is a less number of red blood cells circulating in the body. In this condition in which you lack enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body’s tissues. Having anemia can make you feel tired and weak.


 Symptoms of Anemia:


Here, the 9 most common symptoms of anemia include:


1. Tiredness


Fatigue is one of the most common signs of iron deficiency. This is due to less oxygen reaching body tissues, depriving them of energy.


2. Shortness of Breath


Shortness of breath is a symptom of iron deficiency since low hemoglobin levels mean the body isn’t able to transport oxygen to muscles and tissues effectively.


3. Headache and Dizziness


Headaches and dizziness could be a sign of iron deficiency. The lack of hemoglobin means that not enough oxygen reaches the brain, causing its blood vessels to swell and create pressure.


4. Pale Skin


Paleness in general or in specific areas such as the face, lower inner eyelid or nails may be a sign of moderate or severe iron deficiency. This is caused by lower levels of hemoglobin, which gives blood its red color.


5. Cold Hands & Feet


Iron deficiency means less oxygen is being delivered to the hands and feet. Some people may feel the cold more often in general or have cold hands and feet.


6. Chest Pain


It is also the most common symptom of anemia. In this condition, the person starts experiencing a strong pain in the chest due to a lack of red blood cells.


7. Dry and Damaged Skin & Hair


Because skin and hair receive less oxygen from the blood during iron deficiency, they can become dry and damaged. In more severe cases, this can cause hair loss.

8. Swelling and Soreness of the Tongue and Mouth


A sore, swollen or strangely smooth tongue can be a sign of iron-deficiency anemia. Cracks on the corners of the mouth can also be a sign.


9. Leg Cramps


People with iron-deficiency anemia have a higher chance of experiencing leg cramps frequently. This is a strong urge to move the legs when at rest.


Some forms of anemia:


  • Aplastic Anemia: Fever, frequent infections, and skin rashes.


  • Folic acid deficiency Anemia: Irritability, diarrhea, and a smooth tongue.


  • Hemolytic Anemia: Jaundice, dark colored urine, fever, and abdominal pains.


  • Sickle cell Anemia: Painful swelling of the feet and hands, fatigue, and jaundice.


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What Will Happen if Anemia is Not Treated?


If the treatment is left untreated then the iron-deficiency anemia can cause serious health problems. Having too little oxygen in the body can damage organs. With anemia, the heart must work harder to make up for the lack of red blood cells or hemoglobin. Iron-deficiency anemia can also cause problems during pregnancy.


How Does Anemia Affect the Body?


Yes, anemia affects rapidly when the oxygen does not get to the body’s organs, causing anemia. Iron-deficiency anemia begins because of a lack of the mineral iron in the body. Bone marrow in the center of the bone needs iron to make hemoglobin, the part of the red blood cell that transports oxygen to the body’s organs.


Anemia Diet:


There are a few food items which you can have easily:


  • Leafy greens


  • Meat and poultry


  • Seafood


  • Fortified foods


  • Beans


  • Nuts and seeds


Foods to Avoid if you Have Anemia:



Here are some foods which you should avoid if you have anemia:


  • Avoid drinking tea or coffee with your meals, as they can affect iron absorption.


  • Outside food


  • Spices


  • Deep-fried


  • Avoid alcohol


  • Avoid calcium with Iron


So yes, start eating healthy, have a proper amount of nutrients to make yourself fit and healthy. I hope this blog gives you sufficient information. But before consuming anything consult a doctor. As the online medical industry is growing every day, there are several doctor appointment app to ease our life.


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