How Common is Thyroid Cancer?

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z



Is thyroid cancer is common? Yes, it very common type of cancer usually it starts when cells begin to grow uncontrollably in the thyroid gland. Sometimes, you can not find out that you are having thyroid tumor. In this entire blog, I am giving you more information, awareness about thyroid tumor and how it is common.


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What is Thyroid Cancer?


Thyroid tumor is cancer which starts in the thyroid gland, it is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the middle of the neck below Adam’s apple. It is relatively common, with 62,980 new cases reported. The recent increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer is likely due to the improved and more common use of imaging studies.


How Common is Thyroid Cancer?



Thyroid cancer is one of the most common cancers. It is the most common cancer in women as compared to men. Thyroid cancer is cancer which starts in the thyroid gland which produces thyroid hormones. These hormones are important in the normal regulation of the metabolism of the body. The exact cause of thyroid cancer remains unknown and the common symptoms include a lump or thyroid nodule in the neck, trouble with swallowing neck or throat pain, swollen lymph nodes around the neck, continuous cough and vocal changes. It is more common in women than in men. The statistics of ‘cumulative risk of getting cancer’ is 1:884 in men, while it is 1: 450.



What are the Early Signs and Symptoms of Thyroid Cancer?



Thyroid cancer can cause any of the following signs or symptoms:


  • A lump in the neck, sometimes growing quickly


  • Swelling in the neck


  • Pain in the front of the neck, sometimes going up to the ears


  • Hoarseness or other voice changes that do not go away


  • Trouble swallowing


  • Trouble breathing


  • A constant cough that is not due to a cold




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What is the Main Cause of Thyroid Cancer?




There are four major types of the thyroid tumor: papillary, follicular, medullary (MTC), and anaplastic. The cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, but certain risk factors have been identified and include a family history of goiter, exposure to high levels of radiation, and certain hereditary syndromes.


How Dangerous is Thyroid Cancer?


Most thyroid tumors are very curable. In fact, the most common types of thyroid tumor (papillary and follicular thyroid cancer) are the most curable. In younger patients, less than 50 years of age, both papillary and follicular cancers have a more than 98% cure rate if treated appropriately.





Here, we have shared some information about thyroid cancer. Basically, this type of cancer is more common in women than in men. I hope this blog would help you if you feel any of the above early signs and symptoms then consult a doctor as earlier as you can.



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