Thyroid Gland Surgery, Know When You Need It

Somya Verma

, Health A2Z

The thyroid is a chronic condition, wherein the major problem lies with your hormones. Most of us do not know about Thyroid gland surgery. It is because we are not much known about it. In the case of surgery, it has to be extremely critical to affect you. Most of the thyroid patients do not take their levels of the hormone in a better way that they should. This is a wrong practice. You must check your thyroid levels and you must buy medicine online when needed.


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What is Thyroid?


The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland found at the base of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple. It makes thyroid hormone and that travels in your blood to all parts of your body.


What is thyroid gland surgery?


It is also known as Thyroidectomy. This is the removal of all or part of your thyroid gland. Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck. It produces hormones that regulate every aspect of your metabolism, from your heart rate to how quickly you burn calories.



Thyroidectomy is used to treat thyroid disorders, such as cancer, a noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid (goiter) and overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).


What can lead to thyroid gland surgery?


There are cases, specific ones where you might have to very necessarily have the thyroid gland surgery. Here are the major conditions in which the surgery might be needed.


1) Thyroid cancer


A nodule on the gland is cancerous or may become cancerous. Thyroid nodules are usually benign, but a doctor will take a biopsy to check.


2) Thyroid nodule


A thyroid nodule or the whole gland is enlarged and causing dangerous or bothersome symptoms, such as trouble swallowing, difficulty breathing, or changes to the voice.


3) Hyperthyroidism


A person has an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) that does not respond to other treatments. Graves’ disease or toxicity in one or more nodules can cause hyperthyroidism.


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What types are involved in thyroid to reach for the thyroid gland surgery?


There are mainly six types of the thyroid


Thyroid Nodules – A lump in the thyroid.


Hypothyroidism – When the thyroid gland doesn’t produce sufficient thyroid hormone.

Hyperthyroidism – Excess of the hormone by the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck (thyroid).

Goiter – Abnormal enlargement of the butterfly-shaped gland below Adam’s apple (thyroid).

Thyroiditis – Soreness of the thyroid, the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck.

Thyroid Cancer – Thyroid cancer begins in the gland.


As you have now known what might be the various types, you must also know what are the different risks that are involved in the thyroid gland surgery.


Risks of thyroid gland surgery


Thyroidectomy is generally a safe procedure. But as with any surgery, thyroidectomy carries a risk of complications.

Potential complications include:


  • Bleeding can be one of the risks that you might face in this case.


  • The infection you can be prone to many infections, it is common for most of the surgeries.


  • Low parathyroid hormone levels (hypoparathyroidism) caused by surgical damage or removal of the parathyroid glands. These glands are located behind your thyroid and regulate blood calcium. Hypoparathyroidism can cause numbness, tingling or cramping due to low blood calcium levels.


  • Airway obstruction caused by bleeding.


  • Permanent hoarse or weak voice due to nerve damage.


Every surgery like thyroid gland surgery requires you to choose the right doctor and experts. So book your online appointments and order medicine with our app. To read further, visit our website. And for best hospital for thyroid contact us now!


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