Thyroid Gland : Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Sonali Kapoor

, Health A2Z

The thyroid gland a butterfly-shaped organ which is located in the base of your neck. The thyroid gland is a ductless gland, which secretes its hormones directly into the bloodstream. It wraps around your windpipe like a bow tie, with two connecting lobes, and is well supplied with blood vessels. Generally, thyroid issues are seen in women. This is due to the imbalance in the levels of hormones inside the body. If you are also suffering from thyroid and searching for thyroid specialist near you, click on the given link.


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What is Thyroid Gland?

It’s about 2-inches long and lies in front of your throat below the prominence of thyroid cartilage sometimes called Adam’s apple. Well, health plays a vital role in our life so it is very important to secure your health. Now let’s start to discuss Thyroid Gland and Thyroid types, symptoms and treatment.


What is Thyroid?

The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland found at the base of your neck, just below your Adam’s apple. It makes thyroid hormone and that travels in your blood to all parts of your body.


What are the Types of Thyroid?


There are mainly six types of the thyroid :


  • Thyroid Nodules –  A lump in the thyroid.


  • Hypothyroidism – When the thyroid gland doesn’t produce sufficient thyroid hormone.


  • Hyperthyroidism – Excess of the hormone by the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck (thyroid).


  • Goiter – Abnormal enlargement of the butterfly-shaped gland below Adam’s apple (thyroid).


  • Thyroiditis – Soreness of the thyroid, the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck.


  • Thyroid cancer – Thyroid cancer begins in the gland.


What are the Symptoms of  Thyroid?


There are few symptoms such as :



1. Fatigue


2. Weight changes


3. Sleeping problem


4. Depression and anxiety


5.Tenderness in the neck


6. Swelling in the neck


7. Neck pain


8. Blurry vision


9. Hair loss


10. Raspy voice




12. Weakness


13. Muscle cramps


14. slower heart rate


15.Difficulty in swallowing and breathing


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Home Remedies to Treat Thyroid:


The treatment for your thyroid condition depends on the type of thyroid problem and whether your thyroid is overactive, underactive, enlarged, or is’s like- Lobectomy and thyroidectomy.


These food items would help to cure your Thyroid Gland


1. Sea vegetables


2. Garlic


3. Cucumber












9. Yogurt




Do exercises and yoga asanas help you to cure your thyroid? Well, not exactly but yes, it will help to cure your thyroid disorder. As breathing exercises can also help, it may not be able to cure the condition instantly, But it can help in keeping the glands healthy and regulate metabolism, thereby preventing any further complications.




As we have discussed earlier, thyroid gland and thyroid types, symptoms and treatments and the best way to cure it. Rest, have good and healthy food items because it would be very beneficial for your health and take proper medications, according to the prescription. Whenever you feel any of the above symptoms of thyroid consult a doctor as soon as possible. You can consult Dr. Keshav Kumar, a thyroid specialist in Noida. He has experience of 28 years in the field of endocrinology.


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